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Laser Filamentation Interaction with Materials for Spectroscopic Applications

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Date Issued:
2012
Abstract/Description:
Laser filamentation is a non-diffracting propagation regime consisting of an intense core that is surrounded by an energy reservoir. For laser ablation based spectroscopy techniques such as Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), laser filamentation enables the remote delivery of high power density laser radiation at long distances. This work has shown a quasi-constant filament-induced mass ablation along a 35 m propagation distance. The mass ablated was sufficient for the application of laser filamentation as a sampling tool for plasma based spectroscopy techniques. Within the scope of this study, single-shot ablation was compared with multi-shot ablation. The dependence of ablated mass on the number of pulses was observed to have a quasi-linear dependence on the number of pulses, advantageous for applications such as spectroscopy. Sample metrology showed that both physical and optical material properties have significant effects on the filament-induced ablation behavior. A relatively slow filament-induced plasma expansion was observed, as compared with a focused beams. This suggests that less energy was transferred to the plasma during filament-induced ablation. The effects of the filament core and the energy reservoir on the filament-induced ablation and plasma formation were investigated. Goniometric measurements of the filament-induced plasma, along with radiometric calculations, provided the number of emitted photons from a specific atomic transition and sample material.This work has advanced the understanding of the effects of single filaments on the ablation of solid materials and the understanding of filament-induced plasma dynamics. It has laid the foundation for further quantitative studies of multiple filamentation. The implications of this work extend beyond spectroscopy and included any application of filamentation that involves the interaction with a solid material.
Title: Laser Filamentation Interaction with Materials for Spectroscopic Applications.
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Name(s): Weidman, Matthew, Author
Richardson, Martin, Committee Chair
Schulzgen, Axel, Committee Member
Christodoulides, Demetrios, Committee Member
Sigman, Michael, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2012
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Laser filamentation is a non-diffracting propagation regime consisting of an intense core that is surrounded by an energy reservoir. For laser ablation based spectroscopy techniques such as Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), laser filamentation enables the remote delivery of high power density laser radiation at long distances. This work has shown a quasi-constant filament-induced mass ablation along a 35 m propagation distance. The mass ablated was sufficient for the application of laser filamentation as a sampling tool for plasma based spectroscopy techniques. Within the scope of this study, single-shot ablation was compared with multi-shot ablation. The dependence of ablated mass on the number of pulses was observed to have a quasi-linear dependence on the number of pulses, advantageous for applications such as spectroscopy. Sample metrology showed that both physical and optical material properties have significant effects on the filament-induced ablation behavior. A relatively slow filament-induced plasma expansion was observed, as compared with a focused beams. This suggests that less energy was transferred to the plasma during filament-induced ablation. The effects of the filament core and the energy reservoir on the filament-induced ablation and plasma formation were investigated. Goniometric measurements of the filament-induced plasma, along with radiometric calculations, provided the number of emitted photons from a specific atomic transition and sample material.This work has advanced the understanding of the effects of single filaments on the ablation of solid materials and the understanding of filament-induced plasma dynamics. It has laid the foundation for further quantitative studies of multiple filamentation. The implications of this work extend beyond spectroscopy and included any application of filamentation that involves the interaction with a solid material.
Identifier: CFE0004616 (IID), ucf:49940 (fedora)
Note(s): 2012-12-01
Ph.D.
Optics and Photonics, Optics and Photonics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): laser spectroscopy -- laser filamentation -- laser ablation -- filament ablation
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0004616
Restrictions on Access: campus 2017-12-15
Host Institution: UCF

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