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IDENTIFICATION OF PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM PROTEIN KINASE SUBSTRATES AND INTERACTING PROTEINS

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Date Issued:
2012
Abstract/Description:
Malaria is a devastating disease that results in almost one million deaths annually. Most of the victims are children under the age of five in Sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria parasite strains throughout developing countries are continually building resistance to available drugs. Current therapies such as mefloquine, chloroquine, as well as artemisinin are becoming less effective, and this underscores the urgency for therapeutics directed against novel drug targets. In order to identify new drug targets, the molecular biology of the malaria parasite Plasmodium needs to be elucidated. Plasmodium exhibits a unique cell cycle in which it undergoes multiple rounds of DNA synthesis and mitosis without cytokinesis. Thus, cell cycle regulatory proteins are likely to be promising pathogen-specific drug targets. It is expected that fluctuating activity of key proteins, such as protein kinases, play an essential role in regulating the noncanonical life cycle of Plasmodium. Consequently, malarial kinases are a prime target for therapy. One way to better understand the role of malarial kinases in Plasmodium cell cycle regulation is to identify putative protein kinase substrates and interacting proteins. Two malarial kinases that have been implicated in regulating malaria parasite cell cycle stages were investigated in this study: P. falciparum CDK-like Protein Kinase 5 (PfPK5) and cAMP-Dependent Protein Kinase A (PfPKA). A transgenic P. falciparum line was created for the expression of epitope-tagged PfPK5 for pull-down analysis. Phospho-substrate antibodies were used to identify physiological substrates of both PfPK5 and PfPKA. Immunoblotting with these antibodies identified several potential substrates. Identities of the PfPKA physiological substrates were determined from the global P. falciparum phosphoproteome dataset that has recently been generated in our laboratory. Characterization of PfPKA and PfPK5 substrates, as well as the proteins they interact with, will help us to develop innovative therapies targeting binding sites.
Title: IDENTIFICATION OF PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM PROTEIN KINASE SUBSTRATES AND INTERACTING PROTEINS.
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Name(s): Yap, Jessica, Author
Chakrabarti, Debopam, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2012
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Malaria is a devastating disease that results in almost one million deaths annually. Most of the victims are children under the age of five in Sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria parasite strains throughout developing countries are continually building resistance to available drugs. Current therapies such as mefloquine, chloroquine, as well as artemisinin are becoming less effective, and this underscores the urgency for therapeutics directed against novel drug targets. In order to identify new drug targets, the molecular biology of the malaria parasite Plasmodium needs to be elucidated. Plasmodium exhibits a unique cell cycle in which it undergoes multiple rounds of DNA synthesis and mitosis without cytokinesis. Thus, cell cycle regulatory proteins are likely to be promising pathogen-specific drug targets. It is expected that fluctuating activity of key proteins, such as protein kinases, play an essential role in regulating the noncanonical life cycle of Plasmodium. Consequently, malarial kinases are a prime target for therapy. One way to better understand the role of malarial kinases in Plasmodium cell cycle regulation is to identify putative protein kinase substrates and interacting proteins. Two malarial kinases that have been implicated in regulating malaria parasite cell cycle stages were investigated in this study: P. falciparum CDK-like Protein Kinase 5 (PfPK5) and cAMP-Dependent Protein Kinase A (PfPKA). A transgenic P. falciparum line was created for the expression of epitope-tagged PfPK5 for pull-down analysis. Phospho-substrate antibodies were used to identify physiological substrates of both PfPK5 and PfPKA. Immunoblotting with these antibodies identified several potential substrates. Identities of the PfPKA physiological substrates were determined from the global P. falciparum phosphoproteome dataset that has recently been generated in our laboratory. Characterization of PfPKA and PfPK5 substrates, as well as the proteins they interact with, will help us to develop innovative therapies targeting binding sites.
Identifier: CFH0004157 (IID), ucf:44829 (fedora)
Note(s): 2012-05-01
B.S.
Medicine, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
Bachelors
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): malaria
plasmodium
falciparum
protein
kinase
pka
pk5
pfpka
pfpk5
phosphorylation
phosphoproteomics
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFH0004157
Restrictions on Access: campus 2017-04-01
Host Institution: UCF

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