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RETENTION OF CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION KNOWLEDGE AND PSYCHOMOTOR SKILL AMONG UNDERGRADUATE NURSING STUDENTS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW OF LITERATURE

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
Purpose: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to explore the effectiveness of different training modalities on the acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and psychomotor skill among undergraduate nursing students. Background: It is well known that standard CPR-training is ineffective at preparing nurses for the rigors of a cardiac arrest event. Survival rates for in-hospital cardiac arrests remain low and the proportion of neurobehavioral sequelae among survivors is very high. Methods: A review of relevant literature published between 2006 and 2016 was conducted using the CINAHL and MEDLINE databases. The following key terms were used in the search: 'student*', 'nurs* student*', 'cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)', 'Basic Life Support (BLS)', 'Advanced Life Support (ALS)', 'Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)', and 'Retention'. Results: The initial database search yielded a total of sixty-seven articles; of which, nine articles met the inclusion criteria and were utilized in the final analysis. The articles analyzed explored the effectiveness of different training modalities including: self-directed, CD-based, low-fidelity simulation, high-fidelity simulation, collaborative high-fidelity simulation, and deliberate practice. Conclusion: Current training is ineffective both in promoting long-term retention and in delaying the decay of previously learned information. The most effective training modality identified was high-fidelity simulation in conjunction with deliberate practice. The use of collaborative simulation through 'mock codes' maximizes the acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and skill by providing the highest degree of fidelity. Deliberate practice was the only modality, which resulted in improvement of knowledge and skill over time. The absence of individualized feedback diminishes the effects of repeated practice. Practical experience is also susceptible to the detrimental effects exerted by the lack of feedback.
Title: RETENTION OF CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION KNOWLEDGE AND PSYCHOMOTOR SKILL AMONG UNDERGRADUATE NURSING STUDENTS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW OF LITERATURE.
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Name(s): Tirado, Fernanda, Author
Gonzalez, Laura, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): Engilsh
Abstract/Description: Purpose: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to explore the effectiveness of different training modalities on the acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and psychomotor skill among undergraduate nursing students. Background: It is well known that standard CPR-training is ineffective at preparing nurses for the rigors of a cardiac arrest event. Survival rates for in-hospital cardiac arrests remain low and the proportion of neurobehavioral sequelae among survivors is very high. Methods: A review of relevant literature published between 2006 and 2016 was conducted using the CINAHL and MEDLINE databases. The following key terms were used in the search: 'student*', 'nurs* student*', 'cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)', 'Basic Life Support (BLS)', 'Advanced Life Support (ALS)', 'Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)', and 'Retention'. Results: The initial database search yielded a total of sixty-seven articles; of which, nine articles met the inclusion criteria and were utilized in the final analysis. The articles analyzed explored the effectiveness of different training modalities including: self-directed, CD-based, low-fidelity simulation, high-fidelity simulation, collaborative high-fidelity simulation, and deliberate practice. Conclusion: Current training is ineffective both in promoting long-term retention and in delaying the decay of previously learned information. The most effective training modality identified was high-fidelity simulation in conjunction with deliberate practice. The use of collaborative simulation through 'mock codes' maximizes the acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and skill by providing the highest degree of fidelity. Deliberate practice was the only modality, which resulted in improvement of knowledge and skill over time. The absence of individualized feedback diminishes the effects of repeated practice. Practical experience is also susceptible to the detrimental effects exerted by the lack of feedback.
Identifier: CFH2000082 (IID), ucf:45567 (fedora)
Note(s): 2016-08-01
B.S.N.
College of Nursing, Nursing
Bachelors
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): CPR
BLS
ALS
ACLS
Retention
Undergraduate nursing students
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFH2000082
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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