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AN INVESTIGATION OF THE PROFICIENCY LEVEL OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH AUTISM AND MENTAL RETARDATION WITHIN COMMUNITY-BASED JOB SETTINGS: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE USE OF A HAND-HELD COMPUTER COMPARED TO STAFF MODELING FOR ACCURATE NOVEL JOB SKILL ACQU

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Date Issued:
2004
Abstract/Description:
This study examined the effects and efficacy of two vocational instructional interventions - a Hand-Held Computer intervention versus a Staff Model intervention - as vocational instructional tools for high school students with autism and mental retardation. Specifically, the study analyzed the effects of these two treatments on the completion of authentic novel job tasks within a local department store. This research indicated the provision of specific technology as an instructional model positively influenced participants' ability to: accurately complete tasks, exercise increased independence during task completion, reduce problematic behavior during task completion, and lower necessary staff prompts during task completion.The use of technology to support individuals with severe disabilities has the potential to increase their level of independence and accuracy of job completion within community-based settings. Five high school students with autism and mental retardation participated in this study, which compared the use of a palm-top computer with a traditional staff model during the completion of eighteen novel job tasks within various departments of a large department store. Five of eight variables subjected to ANOVA and independent t-test analyses demonstrated significance.
Title: AN INVESTIGATION OF THE PROFICIENCY LEVEL OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH AUTISM AND MENTAL RETARDATION WITHIN COMMUNITY-BASED JOB SETTINGS: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE USE OF A HAND-HELD COMPUTER COMPARED TO STAFF MODELING FOR ACCURATE NOVEL JOB SKILL ACQUISITION AND STUDENT LEARNING.
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Name(s): Spence-Cochran, Kimberly Genevieve, Author
Ezell and Lee Cross, Dan, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study examined the effects and efficacy of two vocational instructional interventions - a Hand-Held Computer intervention versus a Staff Model intervention - as vocational instructional tools for high school students with autism and mental retardation. Specifically, the study analyzed the effects of these two treatments on the completion of authentic novel job tasks within a local department store. This research indicated the provision of specific technology as an instructional model positively influenced participants' ability to: accurately complete tasks, exercise increased independence during task completion, reduce problematic behavior during task completion, and lower necessary staff prompts during task completion.The use of technology to support individuals with severe disabilities has the potential to increase their level of independence and accuracy of job completion within community-based settings. Five high school students with autism and mental retardation participated in this study, which compared the use of a palm-top computer with a traditional staff model during the completion of eighteen novel job tasks within various departments of a large department store. Five of eight variables subjected to ANOVA and independent t-test analyses demonstrated significance.
Identifier: CFE0000104 (IID), ucf:46180 (fedora)
Note(s): 2004-08-01
Ph.D.
College of Education, Department of Child, Family and Community Sciences
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): autism
mental retardation
vocational instruction
community-based instruction
technology
special education
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0000104
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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