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MICROMACHINED ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS FOR HYDROGEN PEROXIDE AND CHLORINE DETECTION

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Date Issued:
2005
Abstract/Description:
Hydrogen peroxide and chlorine detection is critical for many biological and environmental applications. Hydrogen peroxide plays important roles in a variety of fields including plant physiology, medical, environmental and biochemical applications. Its role in plant defense and signal transduction, diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzhemier's, industrial processes such as disinfection and wastewater treatment and biochemical enzymatic reactions is critical. Given the gamut of areas that hydrogen peroxide is a key component of; its detection assumes great importance. Similarly chlorine has long been used as a disinfectant for making drinking water safe, but excessive chlorination is an environmental and health hazard in itself. In this work, micromachining techniques have been used to design, fabricate and test electrochemical sensors and microneedle structure that can be integrated for detection of hydrogen peroxide and free chlorine. A novel nanomaterial has been integrated with the hydrogen peroxide microsensor, which greatly increases the sensor lifetime and robustness. Miniaturization, low detection limits, high sensitivity and selectivity, as well as ease of fabrication are some of the other advantages of this work.
Title: MICROMACHINED ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS FOR HYDROGEN PEROXIDE AND CHLORINE DETECTION.
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Name(s): Mehta, Anjum , Author
Cho, Hyoung (Joe), Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Hydrogen peroxide and chlorine detection is critical for many biological and environmental applications. Hydrogen peroxide plays important roles in a variety of fields including plant physiology, medical, environmental and biochemical applications. Its role in plant defense and signal transduction, diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzhemier's, industrial processes such as disinfection and wastewater treatment and biochemical enzymatic reactions is critical. Given the gamut of areas that hydrogen peroxide is a key component of; its detection assumes great importance. Similarly chlorine has long been used as a disinfectant for making drinking water safe, but excessive chlorination is an environmental and health hazard in itself. In this work, micromachining techniques have been used to design, fabricate and test electrochemical sensors and microneedle structure that can be integrated for detection of hydrogen peroxide and free chlorine. A novel nanomaterial has been integrated with the hydrogen peroxide microsensor, which greatly increases the sensor lifetime and robustness. Miniaturization, low detection limits, high sensitivity and selectivity, as well as ease of fabrication are some of the other advantages of this work.
Identifier: CFE0000895 (IID), ucf:46627 (fedora)
Note(s): 2005-12-01
M.S.M.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Electrochemical
Amperometric
Hydrogen Peroxide
Free Chlorine
Microsensors
Microneedle
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0000895
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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