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AN OCEAN SURFACE WIND VECTOR MODEL FUNCTION FOR A SPACEBORNE MICROWAVE RADIOMETER AND ITS APPLICATION

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Date Issued:
2006
Abstract/Description:
Ocean surface wind vectors over the ocean present vital information for scientists and forecasters in their attempt to understand the Earth's global weather and climate. As the demand for global wind velocity information has increased, the number of satellite missions that carry wind-measuring sensors has also increased; however, there are still not sufficient numbers of instruments in orbit today to fulfill the need for operational meteorological and scientific wind vector data. Over the last three decades operational measurements of global ocean wind speeds have been obtained from passive microwave radiometers. Also, vector ocean surface wind data were primarily obtained from several scatterometry missions that have flown since the early 1990's. However, other than SeaSat-A in 1978, there has not been combined active and passive wind measurements on the same satellite until the launch of the second Advanced Earth Observing Satellite (ADEOS-II) in 2002. This mission has provided a unique data set of coincident measurements between the SeaWinds scatterometer and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR). AMSR observes the vertical and horizontal brightness temperature (TB) at six frequency bands between 6.9 GHz and 89.0 GHz. Although these measurements contain some wind direction information, the overlying atmospheric influence can easily obscure this signal and make wind direction retrieval from passive microwave measurements very difficult. However, at radiometer frequencies between 10 and 37 GHz, a certain linear combination of vertical and horizontal brightness temperatures causes the atmospheric dependence to be nearly cancelled and surface parameters such as wind speed, wind direction and sea surface temperature to dominate the resulting signal. This brightness temperature combination may be expressed as ATBV-TBH, where A is a constant to be determined and the TBV and TBH are the brightness temperatures for the vertical and horizontal polarization respectively. In this dissertation, an empirical relationship between the AMSR's ATBV-TBH and SeaWinds' surface wind vector retrievals was established for three microwave frequencies: 10, 18 and 37 GHz. This newly developed model function for a passive microwave radiometer could provide the basis for wind vector retrievals either separately or in combination with scatterometer measurements.
Title: AN OCEAN SURFACE WIND VECTOR MODEL FUNCTION FOR A SPACEBORNE MICROWAVE RADIOMETER AND ITS APPLICATION.
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Name(s): Soisuvarn, Seubson, Author
Jones, W. Linwood, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Ocean surface wind vectors over the ocean present vital information for scientists and forecasters in their attempt to understand the Earth's global weather and climate. As the demand for global wind velocity information has increased, the number of satellite missions that carry wind-measuring sensors has also increased; however, there are still not sufficient numbers of instruments in orbit today to fulfill the need for operational meteorological and scientific wind vector data. Over the last three decades operational measurements of global ocean wind speeds have been obtained from passive microwave radiometers. Also, vector ocean surface wind data were primarily obtained from several scatterometry missions that have flown since the early 1990's. However, other than SeaSat-A in 1978, there has not been combined active and passive wind measurements on the same satellite until the launch of the second Advanced Earth Observing Satellite (ADEOS-II) in 2002. This mission has provided a unique data set of coincident measurements between the SeaWinds scatterometer and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR). AMSR observes the vertical and horizontal brightness temperature (TB) at six frequency bands between 6.9 GHz and 89.0 GHz. Although these measurements contain some wind direction information, the overlying atmospheric influence can easily obscure this signal and make wind direction retrieval from passive microwave measurements very difficult. However, at radiometer frequencies between 10 and 37 GHz, a certain linear combination of vertical and horizontal brightness temperatures causes the atmospheric dependence to be nearly cancelled and surface parameters such as wind speed, wind direction and sea surface temperature to dominate the resulting signal. This brightness temperature combination may be expressed as ATBV-TBH, where A is a constant to be determined and the TBV and TBH are the brightness temperatures for the vertical and horizontal polarization respectively. In this dissertation, an empirical relationship between the AMSR's ATBV-TBH and SeaWinds' surface wind vector retrievals was established for three microwave frequencies: 10, 18 and 37 GHz. This newly developed model function for a passive microwave radiometer could provide the basis for wind vector retrievals either separately or in combination with scatterometer measurements.
Identifier: CFE0001493 (IID), ucf:47088 (fedora)
Note(s): 2006-12-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Doctorate
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): active and passive microwave
wind vector retrieval
geophysical model function
radiometer
scatterometer
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0001493
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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