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WALL HEAT TRANSFER EFFECTS IN THE ENDWALL REGION BEHIND A REFLECTED SHOCK WAVE AT LONG TEST TIMES

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Date Issued:
2007
Abstract/Description:
Shock-tube experiments are typically performed at high temperatures (>1200K) due to test-time constraints. These test times are usually ~1 ms in duration and the source of this short, test-time constraint is loss of temperature due to heat transfer. At short test times, there is very little appreciable heat transfer between the hot gas and the cold walls of the shock tube and a high test temperature can be maintained. However, some experiments are using lower temperatures (approx. 800K) to achieve ignition and require much longer test times (up to 15 ms) to fully study the chemical kinetics and combustion chemistry of a reaction in a shock-tube experiment. Using mathematical models, analysis was performed studying the effects of temperature, pressure, shock-tube inner diameter, and test-port location at various test times (from 1 – 20 ms) on temperature maintenance. Three models, each more complex than the previous, were used to simulate test conditions in the endwall region behind the reflected shock wave with Ar and N2 as bath gases. Temperature profile, thermal BL thickness, and other parametric results are presented herein. It was observed that higher temperatures and lower pressures contributed to a thicker thermal boundary layer, as did shrinking inner diameter. Thus it was found that a test case such as 800K and 50 atm in a 16.2-cm-diameter shock tube in Argon maintained thermal integrity much better than other cases – pronounced by a thermal boundary layer < 1 mm thick and an average temperature > 799.9 K from 1–20 ms.
Title: WALL HEAT TRANSFER EFFECTS IN THE ENDWALL REGION BEHIND A REFLECTED SHOCK WAVE AT LONG TEST TIMES.
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Name(s): Frazier, Corey, Author
Petersen, Eric, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2007
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Shock-tube experiments are typically performed at high temperatures (>1200K) due to test-time constraints. These test times are usually ~1 ms in duration and the source of this short, test-time constraint is loss of temperature due to heat transfer. At short test times, there is very little appreciable heat transfer between the hot gas and the cold walls of the shock tube and a high test temperature can be maintained. However, some experiments are using lower temperatures (approx. 800K) to achieve ignition and require much longer test times (up to 15 ms) to fully study the chemical kinetics and combustion chemistry of a reaction in a shock-tube experiment. Using mathematical models, analysis was performed studying the effects of temperature, pressure, shock-tube inner diameter, and test-port location at various test times (from 1 – 20 ms) on temperature maintenance. Three models, each more complex than the previous, were used to simulate test conditions in the endwall region behind the reflected shock wave with Ar and N2 as bath gases. Temperature profile, thermal BL thickness, and other parametric results are presented herein. It was observed that higher temperatures and lower pressures contributed to a thicker thermal boundary layer, as did shrinking inner diameter. Thus it was found that a test case such as 800K and 50 atm in a 16.2-cm-diameter shock tube in Argon maintained thermal integrity much better than other cases – pronounced by a thermal boundary layer < 1 mm thick and an average temperature > 799.9 K from 1–20 ms.
Identifier: CFE0001593 (IID), ucf:47162 (fedora)
Note(s): 2007-05-01
M.S.M.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Mechanical Materials and Aerospace Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): heat transfer
wall
shock tube
shock wave
test time
endwall region
average temperature
reflected shock
thermal boundary layer
test temperature
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0001593
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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