You are here

COMPARISON OF THM FORMATION DURING DISINFECTION: FERRATE VERSUS FREE CHLORINE FOR DIFFERENT SOURCE WATERS

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2007
Abstract/Description:
The objective of the study was to compare the trihalomethanes (THMs) produced from ferrate with hypochlorite and to determine how different the THM production would be for a given degree of disinfection (3 log reduction in Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC)). Different water samples were collected from Lake Claire, Atlantic Ocean, and secondary effluent from an advanced wastewater treatment plant. THM formation was determined using a standard assay over 7 days at room temperature. In addition samples were tested for Total Coliform Escherichia coli (TC/E.coli), and heterotrophic bacteria using HPC by spreadplating on R2A agar. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was measured as well. Dosages of 2, 5, and 10 ppm of hypochlorite and ferrate were used for Lake Claire and Atlantic Ocean water, while 1, 2, and 5 ppm dosages were used for wastewater treatment effluent. Ferrate resulted in 48.3% ± 11.2% less THM produced for the same level of disinfection (i.e. approximately 3 logs reduction in HPC). Oxidation of DOC was relatively small with a 6.1 to 11.6 % decrease in DOC being observed for ferrate doses from 2 to 10 mg/L. Free chlorine oxidation of DOC was negligible.
Title: COMPARISON OF THM FORMATION DURING DISINFECTION: FERRATE VERSUS FREE CHLORINE FOR DIFFERENT SOURCE WATERS.
14 views
8 downloads
Name(s): Mukattash, Adhem, Author
Randall, Andrew, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2007
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The objective of the study was to compare the trihalomethanes (THMs) produced from ferrate with hypochlorite and to determine how different the THM production would be for a given degree of disinfection (3 log reduction in Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC)). Different water samples were collected from Lake Claire, Atlantic Ocean, and secondary effluent from an advanced wastewater treatment plant. THM formation was determined using a standard assay over 7 days at room temperature. In addition samples were tested for Total Coliform Escherichia coli (TC/E.coli), and heterotrophic bacteria using HPC by spreadplating on R2A agar. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was measured as well. Dosages of 2, 5, and 10 ppm of hypochlorite and ferrate were used for Lake Claire and Atlantic Ocean water, while 1, 2, and 5 ppm dosages were used for wastewater treatment effluent. Ferrate resulted in 48.3% ± 11.2% less THM produced for the same level of disinfection (i.e. approximately 3 logs reduction in HPC). Oxidation of DOC was relatively small with a 6.1 to 11.6 % decrease in DOC being observed for ferrate doses from 2 to 10 mg/L. Free chlorine oxidation of DOC was negligible.
Identifier: CFE0001734 (IID), ucf:47324 (fedora)
Note(s): 2007-08-01
M.S.Env.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Ferrate
Chlorine
THMs
Trihalomethanes
DBPs
Disinfection
E. coli
HPC
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0001734
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

In Collections