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IMPACT OF CONSTRUCTION ON FREEWAY TRAFFIC OPERATIONS

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Date Issued:
2008
Abstract/Description:
This study provides an insight into the impact of construction activities on traffic operations. Specifically, the topic of interest for this thesis is to study the impact of construction on traffic operations for construction projects on Interstate 4 from SR 434 to John Young Parkway, from SR 528 to SR 535, and from SR 482 to SR 528. These three projects were chosen because they were the only projects on Interstate 4 where both construction data and loop detector data were available for analysis. The data was collected by examining the Florida Department of Transportation daily inspection reports which had detailed documentation of construction operations that took place. The following information was collected: date, type of construction work being performed, time, location, and direction of impact to the traveling public. These data points were cross-referenced to the loop detector stations and mile posts to collect the loop detector data and roadway geometric characteristics such as location of ramps, type of median, etc. The loop detector data (speed, volume, and occupancy) were collected and aggregated for the data analysis. The loop detector data were collected during construction, one year prior to construction, and one year after construction for comparison purposes. Logistic regression analysis under the within-stratum matched sampling framework was conducted as an exploratory analysis to see if there was a difference on the traffic impacts with and without construction. This was done by matching the variables to ensure that there were no other differences impacting the traffic operations. Logistic regression proved there was a difference in the traffic operations with and without the presence of construction. The simple model results demonstrated that speed was reduced, occupancy was increased, and volume decreased during construction. After construction, the speed and volume increased and the occupancy decreased. Linear regression and analysis of covariance were used to quantify the impact of the various construction activities on the speed, occupancy and volume. Linear regression and analysis of covariance were used to understand the impacts from the presence of roadway geometrics on freeway traffic operations during construction. Logistic regression controls the geometrics, linear regression and analysis of covariance demonstrated how the geometrics impacted the construction effects. The geometric characteristics of each area were included in this analysis. This thesis investigates construction activities and roadway geometric parameters that impact traffic freeway operations (speed, volume, and occupancy) before, during, and after construction. This research showed the impact of different types of construction operations in a highway construction widening project. This research demonstrated that construction activities have a significant impact on speed, volume, and occupancy. Different types of construction activities have more of an impact than other activities. Paving had the highest adverse impact. Agencies writing construction contracts should prohibit paving during the most highly congested times. For example, in Orlando, Florida on Interstate 4, agencies should prohibit night paving during the peak holiday seasons (such as Thanksgiving, spring breaks, Christmas, etc.) around the tourist attractions during closing times, during the peak morning hours, and during the closing times of high attendance activities, such as Halloween Horror Nights at Universal Studios when high attendance is anticipated at the theme parks. Roadway geometrics also impact the traffic operations differently, before, during, and after construction and differently during various times of the day. The information of improved roadway geometrics and faster traffic flow can be used at open houses for upcoming projects where there are many people opposed to construction projects to show how the roadway construction projects actually increase traffic flow, helping everyone to get to their destinations much faster. The impact of the traffic delays in the congested areas, such as the tourist areas on Interstate 4 during the peak traffic times could be quantified to calculate delay costs to the roadway users.
Title: IMPACT OF CONSTRUCTION ON FREEWAY TRAFFIC OPERATIONS.
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Name(s): Jagtap, Seema, Author
Al-Deek, Haitham , Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2008
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study provides an insight into the impact of construction activities on traffic operations. Specifically, the topic of interest for this thesis is to study the impact of construction on traffic operations for construction projects on Interstate 4 from SR 434 to John Young Parkway, from SR 528 to SR 535, and from SR 482 to SR 528. These three projects were chosen because they were the only projects on Interstate 4 where both construction data and loop detector data were available for analysis. The data was collected by examining the Florida Department of Transportation daily inspection reports which had detailed documentation of construction operations that took place. The following information was collected: date, type of construction work being performed, time, location, and direction of impact to the traveling public. These data points were cross-referenced to the loop detector stations and mile posts to collect the loop detector data and roadway geometric characteristics such as location of ramps, type of median, etc. The loop detector data (speed, volume, and occupancy) were collected and aggregated for the data analysis. The loop detector data were collected during construction, one year prior to construction, and one year after construction for comparison purposes. Logistic regression analysis under the within-stratum matched sampling framework was conducted as an exploratory analysis to see if there was a difference on the traffic impacts with and without construction. This was done by matching the variables to ensure that there were no other differences impacting the traffic operations. Logistic regression proved there was a difference in the traffic operations with and without the presence of construction. The simple model results demonstrated that speed was reduced, occupancy was increased, and volume decreased during construction. After construction, the speed and volume increased and the occupancy decreased. Linear regression and analysis of covariance were used to quantify the impact of the various construction activities on the speed, occupancy and volume. Linear regression and analysis of covariance were used to understand the impacts from the presence of roadway geometrics on freeway traffic operations during construction. Logistic regression controls the geometrics, linear regression and analysis of covariance demonstrated how the geometrics impacted the construction effects. The geometric characteristics of each area were included in this analysis. This thesis investigates construction activities and roadway geometric parameters that impact traffic freeway operations (speed, volume, and occupancy) before, during, and after construction. This research showed the impact of different types of construction operations in a highway construction widening project. This research demonstrated that construction activities have a significant impact on speed, volume, and occupancy. Different types of construction activities have more of an impact than other activities. Paving had the highest adverse impact. Agencies writing construction contracts should prohibit paving during the most highly congested times. For example, in Orlando, Florida on Interstate 4, agencies should prohibit night paving during the peak holiday seasons (such as Thanksgiving, spring breaks, Christmas, etc.) around the tourist attractions during closing times, during the peak morning hours, and during the closing times of high attendance activities, such as Halloween Horror Nights at Universal Studios when high attendance is anticipated at the theme parks. Roadway geometrics also impact the traffic operations differently, before, during, and after construction and differently during various times of the day. The information of improved roadway geometrics and faster traffic flow can be used at open houses for upcoming projects where there are many people opposed to construction projects to show how the roadway construction projects actually increase traffic flow, helping everyone to get to their destinations much faster. The impact of the traffic delays in the congested areas, such as the tourist areas on Interstate 4 during the peak traffic times could be quantified to calculate delay costs to the roadway users.
Identifier: CFE0002201 (IID), ucf:47887 (fedora)
Note(s): 2008-05-01
M.S.C.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Construction impact
freeway
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0002201
Restrictions on Access: campus 2011-08-01
Host Institution: UCF

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