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AN ARCHITECTURE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE PRIVACY-PRESERVING AND DISTRIBUTED DATA MINING

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Date Issued:
2009
Abstract/Description:
This dissertation discusses the development of an architecture and associated techniques to support Privacy Preserving and Distributed Data Mining. The field of Distributed Data Mining (DDM) attempts to solve the challenges inherent in coordinating data mining tasks with databases that are geographically distributed, through the application of parallel algorithms and grid computing concepts. The closely related field of Privacy Preserving Data Mining (PPDM) adds the dimension of privacy to the problem, trying to find ways that organizations can collaborate to mine their databases collectively, while at the same time preserving the privacy of their records. Developing data mining algorithms for DDM and PPDM environments can be difficult and there is little software to support it. In addition, because these tasks can be computationally demanding, taking hours of even days to complete data mining tasks, organizations should be able to take advantage of high-performance and parallel computing to accelerate these tasks. Unfortunately there is no such framework that is able to provide all of these services easily for a developer. In this dissertation such a framework is developed to support the creation and execution of DDM and PPDM applications, called APHID (Architecture for Private, High-performance Integrated Data mining). The architecture allows users to flexibly and seamlessly integrate cluster and grid resources into their DDM and PPDM applications. The architecture is scalable, and is split into highly de-coupled services to ensure flexibility and extensibility. This dissertation first develops a comprehensive example algorithm, a privacy-preserving Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN), which serves a basis for analysis of the difficulties of DDM/PPDM development. The privacy-preserving PNN is the first such PNN in the literature, and provides not only a practical algorithm ready for use in privacy-preserving applications, but also a template for other data intensive algorithms, and a starting point for analyzing APHID's architectural needs. After analyzing the difficulties in the PNN algorithm's development, as well as the shortcomings of researched systems, this dissertation presents the first concrete programming model joining high performance computing resources with a privacy preserving data mining process. Unlike many of the existing PPDM development models, the platform of services is language independent, allowing layers and algorithms to be implemented in popular languages (Java, C++, Python, etc.). An implementation of a PPDM algorithm is developed in Java utilizing the new framework. Performance results are presented, showing that APHID can enable highly simplified PPDM development while speeding up resource intensive parts of the algorithm.
Title: AN ARCHITECTURE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE PRIVACY-PRESERVING AND DISTRIBUTED DATA MINING.
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Name(s): Secretan, James, Author
Georgiopoulos, Michael, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2009
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This dissertation discusses the development of an architecture and associated techniques to support Privacy Preserving and Distributed Data Mining. The field of Distributed Data Mining (DDM) attempts to solve the challenges inherent in coordinating data mining tasks with databases that are geographically distributed, through the application of parallel algorithms and grid computing concepts. The closely related field of Privacy Preserving Data Mining (PPDM) adds the dimension of privacy to the problem, trying to find ways that organizations can collaborate to mine their databases collectively, while at the same time preserving the privacy of their records. Developing data mining algorithms for DDM and PPDM environments can be difficult and there is little software to support it. In addition, because these tasks can be computationally demanding, taking hours of even days to complete data mining tasks, organizations should be able to take advantage of high-performance and parallel computing to accelerate these tasks. Unfortunately there is no such framework that is able to provide all of these services easily for a developer. In this dissertation such a framework is developed to support the creation and execution of DDM and PPDM applications, called APHID (Architecture for Private, High-performance Integrated Data mining). The architecture allows users to flexibly and seamlessly integrate cluster and grid resources into their DDM and PPDM applications. The architecture is scalable, and is split into highly de-coupled services to ensure flexibility and extensibility. This dissertation first develops a comprehensive example algorithm, a privacy-preserving Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN), which serves a basis for analysis of the difficulties of DDM/PPDM development. The privacy-preserving PNN is the first such PNN in the literature, and provides not only a practical algorithm ready for use in privacy-preserving applications, but also a template for other data intensive algorithms, and a starting point for analyzing APHID's architectural needs. After analyzing the difficulties in the PNN algorithm's development, as well as the shortcomings of researched systems, this dissertation presents the first concrete programming model joining high performance computing resources with a privacy preserving data mining process. Unlike many of the existing PPDM development models, the platform of services is language independent, allowing layers and algorithms to be implemented in popular languages (Java, C++, Python, etc.). An implementation of a PPDM algorithm is developed in Java utilizing the new framework. Performance results are presented, showing that APHID can enable highly simplified PPDM development while speeding up resource intensive parts of the algorithm.
Identifier: CFE0002853 (IID), ucf:48076 (fedora)
Note(s): 2009-05-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Doctorate
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Data Mining
Privacy Preserving Data Mining
Distributed Data Mining
High-Performance Computing
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0002853
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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