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SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE, AND CATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF SIZE-SELECTED PLATINUM NANOPARTICLES

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Date Issued:
2010
Abstract/Description:
The use of heterogeneous catalysis is well established in chemical synthesis, energy, and environmental engineering applications. Supported Pt nanoparticles have been widely reported to act as catalysts in a vast number of chemical reactions. In this report, the performance of Pt/ZrO2 nanocatalyst for the decomposition of methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and 2-butanol is investigated. The potential of each alcohol for the production of H2 and other relevant products in the presence of a catalyst is studied. All the alcohols studied show some decomposition activity below 200°C which increased with increasing temperature. In all cases, high selectivity towards H2 formation is observed. With the exception of methanol, all alcohol conversion reactions lead to catalyst deactivation at high temperatures (T >250°C for 2-propanol and 2-butanol, T >325°C for ethanol) due to carbon poisoning. However, long-term catalyst deactivation can be avoided by optimizing reaction conditions such as operating temperature. In addition, the performance of Pt/γ-Al2O3 is evaluated in the oxidation of 2-propanol. Pt nanoclusters of similar size (~1 nm diameter) but different structure (shape) were found to display distinctively different catalytic properties. All the systems studied achieve high conversion (~ 90%) below 100°C. However, flatter particles display a lower reaction onset temperature, demonstrating superior catalytic performance. Acetone, CO2, and water are generated as products indicating that both partial and complete oxidation are taking place. A number of techniques including AFM, XPS, TEM, HAADF-TEM, XAFS as well as packed-bed reactor experiments were used for sample characterization and evaluation of catalytic performance.
Title: SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE, AND CATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF SIZE-SELECTED PLATINUM NANOPARTICLES.
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Name(s): Mostafa, Simon, Author
Roldan Cuenya, Beatriz, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2010
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The use of heterogeneous catalysis is well established in chemical synthesis, energy, and environmental engineering applications. Supported Pt nanoparticles have been widely reported to act as catalysts in a vast number of chemical reactions. In this report, the performance of Pt/ZrO2 nanocatalyst for the decomposition of methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and 2-butanol is investigated. The potential of each alcohol for the production of H2 and other relevant products in the presence of a catalyst is studied. All the alcohols studied show some decomposition activity below 200°C which increased with increasing temperature. In all cases, high selectivity towards H2 formation is observed. With the exception of methanol, all alcohol conversion reactions lead to catalyst deactivation at high temperatures (T >250°C for 2-propanol and 2-butanol, T >325°C for ethanol) due to carbon poisoning. However, long-term catalyst deactivation can be avoided by optimizing reaction conditions such as operating temperature. In addition, the performance of Pt/γ-Al2O3 is evaluated in the oxidation of 2-propanol. Pt nanoclusters of similar size (~1 nm diameter) but different structure (shape) were found to display distinctively different catalytic properties. All the systems studied achieve high conversion (~ 90%) below 100°C. However, flatter particles display a lower reaction onset temperature, demonstrating superior catalytic performance. Acetone, CO2, and water are generated as products indicating that both partial and complete oxidation are taking place. A number of techniques including AFM, XPS, TEM, HAADF-TEM, XAFS as well as packed-bed reactor experiments were used for sample characterization and evaluation of catalytic performance.
Identifier: CFE0003081 (IID), ucf:48319 (fedora)
Note(s): 2010-05-01
M.S.
Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Catalysis
Pt
nanoparticles
ZrO2
Al2O3
alcohol
structure
packed-bed reactor
mass spectrometry
oxidation
XPS
AFM
TEM
EXAFS
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0003081
Restrictions on Access: public
Host Institution: UCF

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