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Infrared Tapered Slot Antennas Coupled to Tunnel Diodes

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Date Issued:
2012
Abstract/Description:
Tapered slot antennas (TSAs) have seen considerable application in the millimeter-wave portion of the spectrum. Desirable characteristics of TSAs include symmetric E- and H-plane antenna patterns, and broad non-resonant bandwidths. We investigate extension of TSA operation toward higher frequencies in the thermal infrared (IR), using a metal-oxide-metal diode as the detector. Several different infrared TSA design forms are fabricated using electron-beam lithography and specially developed thin-film processes. The angular antenna patterns of TSA-coupled diodes are measured at 10.6 micrometer wavelength in both E- and H-planes, and are compared to results of finite-element electromagnetic modeling using Ansoft HFSS. Parameter studies are carried out, correlating the geometric and material properties of several TSA design forms to numerical-model results and to measurements. A significant increase in antenna gain is noted for a dielectric-overcoat design. The traveling-wave behavior of the IR TSA structure is investigated using scattering near-field microscopy. The measured near-field data is compared to HFSS results. Suggestions for future research are included.
Title: Infrared Tapered Slot Antennas Coupled to Tunnel Diodes.
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Name(s): Florence, Louis, Author
Boreman, Glenn, Committee Chair
Likamwa, Patrick, Committee Member
Schoenfeld, Winston, Committee Member
Lail, Brian, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2012
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Tapered slot antennas (TSAs) have seen considerable application in the millimeter-wave portion of the spectrum. Desirable characteristics of TSAs include symmetric E- and H-plane antenna patterns, and broad non-resonant bandwidths. We investigate extension of TSA operation toward higher frequencies in the thermal infrared (IR), using a metal-oxide-metal diode as the detector. Several different infrared TSA design forms are fabricated using electron-beam lithography and specially developed thin-film processes. The angular antenna patterns of TSA-coupled diodes are measured at 10.6 micrometer wavelength in both E- and H-planes, and are compared to results of finite-element electromagnetic modeling using Ansoft HFSS. Parameter studies are carried out, correlating the geometric and material properties of several TSA design forms to numerical-model results and to measurements. A significant increase in antenna gain is noted for a dielectric-overcoat design. The traveling-wave behavior of the IR TSA structure is investigated using scattering near-field microscopy. The measured near-field data is compared to HFSS results. Suggestions for future research are included.
Identifier: CFE0004376 (IID), ucf:49395 (fedora)
Note(s): 2012-08-01
Ph.D.
Optics and Photonics, Optics and Photonics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): antenna -- radiation patterns -- infrared
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0004376
Restrictions on Access: public 2012-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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