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The Role of Mitochondrial Omi/HtrA2 Protease in Protein Quality Control and Mitophagy

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Date Issued:
2013
Abstract/Description:
Omi/HtrA2 is a nuclear encoded mitochondrial serine protease with dual and opposite functions that depend entirely on its subcellular localization. During apoptosis it is released to the cytoplasm where it participates in cell death. While confined in the mitochondria it has a pro-survival function that may involve the regulation of protein quality control (PQC) and mitochondrial homeostasis. We used the yeast two-hybrid system to dissect Omi/HtrA2's pathway by identifying novel interactors and substrates. Our studies revealed a novel function of Omi/HtrA2 in the regulation of a Lys-63 deubiquitinating (DUB) complex. In addition, we found the mechanism by which Omi/HtrA2 protease participates in mitophagy by directly regulating the protein level of Mulan E3 ubiquitin ligase, especially during mitochondrial stress.Abro1 is a scaffold protein of the DUB complex known as BRISC (BRCC36 isopeptidase complex). In addition, Abro1 is involved in a cytoprotective pathway and is regulated by Omi/HtrA2. Three specific interactors of Abro1 protein were identified, ATF4, ATF5 and JunD, all members of the activating protein 1 (AP-1) family. We focused our studies on ATF4 since, like Abro1, it is ubiquitously expressed and is important in cell cycle regulation and survival. Abro1's interaction with ATF4 was specific and occurred only when cells were stressed. The significance of this interaction was the translocation of Abro1 from the cytoplasm to the cell nucleus. These results establish a new cytoprotective function of cytoplasmic Omi/HtrA2 as a regulator of the BRISC DUB complex.Furthermore, we have recently identified the mitochondrial Mulan E3 ubiquitin ligase as a substrate of Omi/HtrA2 protease. Mulan, along with MARCH5/MITOL and RNF185, are the only three mitochondrial E3 ubiquitin ligases identified thus far. The function of Mulan has been linked to cell growth, cell death, and autophagy/mitophagy. To investigate Mulan's function and its control by Omi/HtrA2, E2 conjugating enzymes that form a complex with Mulan E3 ligase were identified. Four specific interacting E2s were isolated, namely Ube2E2, Ube2E3, Ube2G2, and Ube2L3. To identify substrates for each unique Mulan-E2 complex, fusion baits were used in a modified yeast two-hybrid screen. Our results suggest that Mulan participates in various pathways, depending on the nature of its E2 conjugating enzyme partner. One of the interactors isolated against the Mulan-Ube2E3 bait was the GABARAP (GABAA receptor-associated protein), a member of the Atg8 family. We characterized this interaction both in vitro and in vivo and its potential role in mitophagy. Our studies defined a new pathway by which Mulan participates in mitophagy by recruiting GABARAP to the mitochondria.
Title: The Role of Mitochondrial Omi/HtrA2 Protease in Protein Quality Control and Mitophagy.
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Name(s): Ambivero, Camilla, Author
Zervos, Antonis, Committee Chair
Teter, Kenneth, Committee Member
Siddiqi, Shadab, Committee Member
Self, William, Committee Member
, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2013
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Omi/HtrA2 is a nuclear encoded mitochondrial serine protease with dual and opposite functions that depend entirely on its subcellular localization. During apoptosis it is released to the cytoplasm where it participates in cell death. While confined in the mitochondria it has a pro-survival function that may involve the regulation of protein quality control (PQC) and mitochondrial homeostasis. We used the yeast two-hybrid system to dissect Omi/HtrA2's pathway by identifying novel interactors and substrates. Our studies revealed a novel function of Omi/HtrA2 in the regulation of a Lys-63 deubiquitinating (DUB) complex. In addition, we found the mechanism by which Omi/HtrA2 protease participates in mitophagy by directly regulating the protein level of Mulan E3 ubiquitin ligase, especially during mitochondrial stress.Abro1 is a scaffold protein of the DUB complex known as BRISC (BRCC36 isopeptidase complex). In addition, Abro1 is involved in a cytoprotective pathway and is regulated by Omi/HtrA2. Three specific interactors of Abro1 protein were identified, ATF4, ATF5 and JunD, all members of the activating protein 1 (AP-1) family. We focused our studies on ATF4 since, like Abro1, it is ubiquitously expressed and is important in cell cycle regulation and survival. Abro1's interaction with ATF4 was specific and occurred only when cells were stressed. The significance of this interaction was the translocation of Abro1 from the cytoplasm to the cell nucleus. These results establish a new cytoprotective function of cytoplasmic Omi/HtrA2 as a regulator of the BRISC DUB complex.Furthermore, we have recently identified the mitochondrial Mulan E3 ubiquitin ligase as a substrate of Omi/HtrA2 protease. Mulan, along with MARCH5/MITOL and RNF185, are the only three mitochondrial E3 ubiquitin ligases identified thus far. The function of Mulan has been linked to cell growth, cell death, and autophagy/mitophagy. To investigate Mulan's function and its control by Omi/HtrA2, E2 conjugating enzymes that form a complex with Mulan E3 ligase were identified. Four specific interacting E2s were isolated, namely Ube2E2, Ube2E3, Ube2G2, and Ube2L3. To identify substrates for each unique Mulan-E2 complex, fusion baits were used in a modified yeast two-hybrid screen. Our results suggest that Mulan participates in various pathways, depending on the nature of its E2 conjugating enzyme partner. One of the interactors isolated against the Mulan-Ube2E3 bait was the GABARAP (GABAA receptor-associated protein), a member of the Atg8 family. We characterized this interaction both in vitro and in vivo and its potential role in mitophagy. Our studies defined a new pathway by which Mulan participates in mitophagy by recruiting GABARAP to the mitochondria.
Identifier: CFE0004805 (IID), ucf:49752 (fedora)
Note(s): 2013-08-01
Ph.D.
Medicine, Molecular Biology and Microbiology
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): apoptosis -- ubiquitination -- mitophagy -- oxidative stress
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0004805
Restrictions on Access: campus 2014-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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