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Vertical Field Switching Blue Phase Liquid Crystals for Field Sequential Color Displays

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Date Issued:
2012
Abstract/Description:
Low power consumption is a critical requirement for all liquid crystal display (LCD) devices. A field sequential color (FSC) LCD was proposed by using red (R), green (G) and blue (B) LEDs and removing the lossy component of color filters which only transmits ~30% of the incoming white light. Without color filters, FSC LCDs exhibit a ~3X higher optical efficiency and 3X higher resolution density as compared to the conventional color filters-based LCDs. However, color breakup (CBU) is a most disturbing defect that degrades the image quality in FSC displays. CBU can be observed in stationary or moving images. It manifests in FSC LCDs when there is a relative speed between the images and observers' eyes, and the observer will see the color splitting patterns or rainbow effect at the boundary between two different colors.In Chapter 2, we introduce a five-primary display by adding additional yellow(Y) and cyan(C) colors. From the analysis and simulations, five primaries can provide wide color gamut and meanwhile the white brightness is increased, as compared to the three-primary. Based on the five-primary theorem, we propose a method to reduce CBU of FSC LCDs by using RGBYC LEDs instead of RGB LEDs in the second section. Without increasing the sub-frame rate as three-primary LCDs, we can reduce the CBU by utilizing proper color sequence and weighting ratios. In addition, the color gamut achieves 140% NTSC and the white brightness increases by more than 13%, as compared to the three-primary FSC LCDs.Another strategy to suppress CBU is using higher field frequency, such as 540 Hz or even up to 1000 Hz. However, this approach needs liquid crystals with a very fast response time ((<)1 ms). Recently, the polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal (PS-BPLC) draws great attentions because of improved temperature range which enables the applications for photonic devices and displays. PS-BPLC is a good candidate for FSC LCDs because of its submillisecond gray-to-gray response time, no need for alignment layer, and isotropic dark state. So far, almost all the BPLC devices utilize planar or protruded in-plane switching (IPS) electrode configuration. The structure of planar IPS is relatively simple, but the operating voltage is too high for thin-film transistor (TFT) addressing. Moreover, high voltage causes deformation of polymer network and induces a noticeable hysteresis. Protruded IPS is helpful for lowering the operating voltage, but the manufacturing process becomes more sophisticated. In Chapter 3, we propose a vertical field switching (VFS) mode for blue phase LCDs. The simple structure of VFS cell generates uniform vertical fields on the BPLC materials. From our experimental results, the operation voltage can be reduced to ~10Vrms while eliminating the hysteresis. We also defined a critical field below which hysteresis does not occur. Above critical field, lattice distortion and other irreversible phase transition processes would occur. As a result, the associated response time would be slower. Therefore, VFS mode also shows faster response time than IPS mode. The operating voltage can be further reduced by choosing an optimized cell gap and a larger oblique incident angle in VFS blue phase LCDs.In Chapter 4, we propose several compensation mechanisms to improve the viewing angle of VFS blue-phase LCDs. The compensation principles are analyzed and simulation results evaluated. Because VFS blue-phase LCD processes several advantages over IPS blue-phase LCD and conventional LCDs, it could become a strong contender for next-generation display technology.
Title: Vertical Field Switching Blue Phase Liquid Crystals for Field Sequential Color Displays.
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Name(s): Cheng, Hui-Chuan, Author
Wu, Shintson, Committee Chair
Likamwa, Patrick, Committee Member
Schoenfeld, Winston, Committee Member
Wu, Xinzhang, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2012
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Low power consumption is a critical requirement for all liquid crystal display (LCD) devices. A field sequential color (FSC) LCD was proposed by using red (R), green (G) and blue (B) LEDs and removing the lossy component of color filters which only transmits ~30% of the incoming white light. Without color filters, FSC LCDs exhibit a ~3X higher optical efficiency and 3X higher resolution density as compared to the conventional color filters-based LCDs. However, color breakup (CBU) is a most disturbing defect that degrades the image quality in FSC displays. CBU can be observed in stationary or moving images. It manifests in FSC LCDs when there is a relative speed between the images and observers' eyes, and the observer will see the color splitting patterns or rainbow effect at the boundary between two different colors.In Chapter 2, we introduce a five-primary display by adding additional yellow(Y) and cyan(C) colors. From the analysis and simulations, five primaries can provide wide color gamut and meanwhile the white brightness is increased, as compared to the three-primary. Based on the five-primary theorem, we propose a method to reduce CBU of FSC LCDs by using RGBYC LEDs instead of RGB LEDs in the second section. Without increasing the sub-frame rate as three-primary LCDs, we can reduce the CBU by utilizing proper color sequence and weighting ratios. In addition, the color gamut achieves 140% NTSC and the white brightness increases by more than 13%, as compared to the three-primary FSC LCDs.Another strategy to suppress CBU is using higher field frequency, such as 540 Hz or even up to 1000 Hz. However, this approach needs liquid crystals with a very fast response time ((<)1 ms). Recently, the polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal (PS-BPLC) draws great attentions because of improved temperature range which enables the applications for photonic devices and displays. PS-BPLC is a good candidate for FSC LCDs because of its submillisecond gray-to-gray response time, no need for alignment layer, and isotropic dark state. So far, almost all the BPLC devices utilize planar or protruded in-plane switching (IPS) electrode configuration. The structure of planar IPS is relatively simple, but the operating voltage is too high for thin-film transistor (TFT) addressing. Moreover, high voltage causes deformation of polymer network and induces a noticeable hysteresis. Protruded IPS is helpful for lowering the operating voltage, but the manufacturing process becomes more sophisticated. In Chapter 3, we propose a vertical field switching (VFS) mode for blue phase LCDs. The simple structure of VFS cell generates uniform vertical fields on the BPLC materials. From our experimental results, the operation voltage can be reduced to ~10Vrms while eliminating the hysteresis. We also defined a critical field below which hysteresis does not occur. Above critical field, lattice distortion and other irreversible phase transition processes would occur. As a result, the associated response time would be slower. Therefore, VFS mode also shows faster response time than IPS mode. The operating voltage can be further reduced by choosing an optimized cell gap and a larger oblique incident angle in VFS blue phase LCDs.In Chapter 4, we propose several compensation mechanisms to improve the viewing angle of VFS blue-phase LCDs. The compensation principles are analyzed and simulation results evaluated. Because VFS blue-phase LCD processes several advantages over IPS blue-phase LCD and conventional LCDs, it could become a strong contender for next-generation display technology.
Identifier: CFE0004780 (IID), ucf:49772 (fedora)
Note(s): 2012-12-01
Ph.D.
Optics and Photonics, Optics and Photonics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): liquid crystal display -- color breakup -- multi-primary -- field sequential color -- wide color gamut -- blue phase liquid crystal (BPLC) -- vertical field switching (VFS) -- hysteresis free -- low voltage -- wide-viewing angle
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0004780
Restrictions on Access: public 2013-06-15
Host Institution: UCF

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