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Catalytic Role of Boron Nitride in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

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Date Issued:
2015
Abstract/Description:
The decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate (AP), a strong oxidizer used in solid rocket propellant, is widely studied in an attempt to increase the burn characteristics of propellants. Many materials have been shown to catalyze its decomposition, but little is known about the mechanism by which AP decomposition becomes catalyzed. In this study, Boron Nitride (BN) nanostructures, a material previously unknown to act as a catalyst, is studied. The decomposition reaction is studied by thermo-gravimetric analysis / differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The goal of this study is to discover the activation energy of this catalyst reaction, intermediary products of the reaction, mechanism of reaction and end state of the boron nitride nanostructures (ie, if the BN acts as a true catalyst, or participates on the overall reaction and has some end state that's different from the initial state). Four variations of BN have been synthesized using a hydrothermal process; BN nanoribbons, Boron Rich BN, Nitrogen-Rich BN, and high surface area BN. It is shown that the decomposition of AP is significantly altered when in the presence of BN and the mechanism through which BN catalyzes the decomposition is most likely the presence of oxidized nitrogen species on the BN material.
Title: Catalytic Role of Boron Nitride in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate.
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Name(s): Grossman, Kevin, Author
Seal, Sudipta, Committee Chair
Coffey, Kevin, Committee Member
Heinrich, Helge, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate (AP), a strong oxidizer used in solid rocket propellant, is widely studied in an attempt to increase the burn characteristics of propellants. Many materials have been shown to catalyze its decomposition, but little is known about the mechanism by which AP decomposition becomes catalyzed. In this study, Boron Nitride (BN) nanostructures, a material previously unknown to act as a catalyst, is studied. The decomposition reaction is studied by thermo-gravimetric analysis / differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The goal of this study is to discover the activation energy of this catalyst reaction, intermediary products of the reaction, mechanism of reaction and end state of the boron nitride nanostructures (ie, if the BN acts as a true catalyst, or participates on the overall reaction and has some end state that's different from the initial state). Four variations of BN have been synthesized using a hydrothermal process; BN nanoribbons, Boron Rich BN, Nitrogen-Rich BN, and high surface area BN. It is shown that the decomposition of AP is significantly altered when in the presence of BN and the mechanism through which BN catalyzes the decomposition is most likely the presence of oxidized nitrogen species on the BN material.
Identifier: CFE0005801 (IID), ucf:50027 (fedora)
Note(s): 2015-08-01
M.S.M.S.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, Materials Science Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Boron Nitride -- Ammonium Perchlorate
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005801
Restrictions on Access: public 2015-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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