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Outcomes of Perceived Workplace Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis of 35 Years of Research

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Date Issued:
2014
Abstract/Description:
Given the substantial monetary and nonmonetary costs that both employees and organizationscan incur as a result of perceived workplace discrimination, it is important to understand the outcomes of perceived workplace discrimination as well as what moderates the discrimination-outcome relationship. While other meta-analyses of perceived discrimination have been published, the current meta-analysis expands prior meta-analytic databases by 81%, increasingthe stability of the estimated effects. In addition, several prior meta-analyses have not focused exclusively on workplace discrimination. Consequently, the purpose of this meta-analysis is to provide a comprehensive quantitative review of perceived workplace discrimination, its consequences, and potential moderators of these relationships. Results showed that perceived workplace discrimination was related to decreased job satisfaction, reduced organizational commitment, greater withdrawal, and more perceived organizational injustice. Further, perceived workplace discrimination was associated with decreased mental health and physical health, lower ratings of life satisfaction, and increased work stress. Moderator analyses provided some evidence that perceiving the general presence of discrimination in one's organization may bemore detrimental than perceiving oneself to be personally targeted by discrimination at work.Additionally, moderator analyses provided some support that interpersonal discrimination maybe more detrimental than formal discrimination for some outcomes and that there may bedifferences in the perceived workplace discrimination-outcome relationships across different countries. The implications for workplace discrimination research and practice are discussed.
Title: Outcomes of Perceived Workplace Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis of 35 Years of Research.
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Name(s): Dhanani, Lindsay, Author
Joseph, Dana, Committee Chair
Fritzsche, Barbara, Committee Member
Beus, Jeremy, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Given the substantial monetary and nonmonetary costs that both employees and organizationscan incur as a result of perceived workplace discrimination, it is important to understand the outcomes of perceived workplace discrimination as well as what moderates the discrimination-outcome relationship. While other meta-analyses of perceived discrimination have been published, the current meta-analysis expands prior meta-analytic databases by 81%, increasingthe stability of the estimated effects. In addition, several prior meta-analyses have not focused exclusively on workplace discrimination. Consequently, the purpose of this meta-analysis is to provide a comprehensive quantitative review of perceived workplace discrimination, its consequences, and potential moderators of these relationships. Results showed that perceived workplace discrimination was related to decreased job satisfaction, reduced organizational commitment, greater withdrawal, and more perceived organizational injustice. Further, perceived workplace discrimination was associated with decreased mental health and physical health, lower ratings of life satisfaction, and increased work stress. Moderator analyses provided some evidence that perceiving the general presence of discrimination in one's organization may bemore detrimental than perceiving oneself to be personally targeted by discrimination at work.Additionally, moderator analyses provided some support that interpersonal discrimination maybe more detrimental than formal discrimination for some outcomes and that there may bedifferences in the perceived workplace discrimination-outcome relationships across different countries. The implications for workplace discrimination research and practice are discussed.
Identifier: CFE0005481 (IID), ucf:50340 (fedora)
Note(s): 2014-05-01
M.S.
Sciences, Psychology
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): discrimination -- meta-analysis -- job attitudes -- health outcomes
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005481
Restrictions on Access: campus 2019-11-15
Host Institution: UCF

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