You are here

Applications of Transit Signal Priority Technology for Transit Service

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2014
Abstract/Description:
This research demonstrated the effectiveness of Transit Signal Priority (TSP) in improving bus corridor travel time in a simulated environment using real world data. TSP is a technology that provides preferential treatment to buses at signalized intersections. By considering different scenarios of activating bus signal priority when a bus is 3 or 5 minutes behind schedule, it was demonstrated that bus travel times improved significantly while there is little effect on delays for crossing street traffic. The case of providing signal priority for buses unconditionally resulted in significant crossing street delays for some signalized intersections with only minor improvement to bus travel time over both scenarios of Conditional priority.Evaluation was conducted by using micro-simulation and statistical analysis to compare Unconditional and Conditional TSP with the No TSP scenario. This evaluation looked at performance metrics (for buses and all vehicles) including average speed profiles, average travel times, average number of stops, and crossing street delay. Different Conditional TSP scenarios of activating TSP when a bus is 3 or 5 minutes behind schedule were considered. The simulation demonstrated that Conditional TSP significantly improved bus travel times with little effect on crossing street delays. The results also showed that utilizing TSP technology reduced the environmental emissions in the I-Drive corridor. Furthermore, field data was used to calculate actual passenger travel time savings and benefit cost ratio (7.92) that resulted from implementing conditional TSP. Conditional TSP 3 minutes behind schedule was determined to be the most beneficial and practical TSP scenario for real world implementation at both the corridor and regional levels.
Title: Applications of Transit Signal Priority Technology for Transit Service.
17 views
6 downloads
Name(s): Consoli, Frank, Author
Al-Deek, Haitham, Committee Chair
Oloufa, Amr, Committee Member
Tatari, Omer, Committee Member
Uddin, Nizam, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This research demonstrated the effectiveness of Transit Signal Priority (TSP) in improving bus corridor travel time in a simulated environment using real world data. TSP is a technology that provides preferential treatment to buses at signalized intersections. By considering different scenarios of activating bus signal priority when a bus is 3 or 5 minutes behind schedule, it was demonstrated that bus travel times improved significantly while there is little effect on delays for crossing street traffic. The case of providing signal priority for buses unconditionally resulted in significant crossing street delays for some signalized intersections with only minor improvement to bus travel time over both scenarios of Conditional priority.Evaluation was conducted by using micro-simulation and statistical analysis to compare Unconditional and Conditional TSP with the No TSP scenario. This evaluation looked at performance metrics (for buses and all vehicles) including average speed profiles, average travel times, average number of stops, and crossing street delay. Different Conditional TSP scenarios of activating TSP when a bus is 3 or 5 minutes behind schedule were considered. The simulation demonstrated that Conditional TSP significantly improved bus travel times with little effect on crossing street delays. The results also showed that utilizing TSP technology reduced the environmental emissions in the I-Drive corridor. Furthermore, field data was used to calculate actual passenger travel time savings and benefit cost ratio (7.92) that resulted from implementing conditional TSP. Conditional TSP 3 minutes behind schedule was determined to be the most beneficial and practical TSP scenario for real world implementation at both the corridor and regional levels.
Identifier: CFE0005474 (IID), ucf:50343 (fedora)
Note(s): 2014-12-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Civil, Environmental and Construction Engineering
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Transit -- Micro-simulation -- Statistics -- Data Collection
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005474
Restrictions on Access: public 2014-12-15
Host Institution: UCF

In Collections