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The effects of non-native species on two life-stages of the Eastern oyster (<)i(>)Crassostrea virginica(<)/i(>)

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Date Issued:
2014
Abstract/Description:
Since their recent introductions into Florida waters, three nonnative species [(<)i(>)Perna viridis(<)/i(>) Linnaeus, 1758 (Asian green mussel), (<)i(>)Mytella charruana(<)/i(>) d'Orbigny, 1846 (charru mussel) and (<)i(>)Megabalanus coccopoma(<)/i(>) Darwin, 1854 (pink titan acorn barnacle)] have expanded both north and south along the Atlantic coast. Very little research has been done to understand how these nonnative species interact with the native eastern oyster ((<)i(>)Crassostrea virginica(<)/i(>) Gmelin, 1791), which is a keystone species that provides important ecological services and economic benefits. To test the potential effects of (<)i(>)P. viridis, M. charruana(<)/i(>) and (<)i(>)M. coccopoma(<)/i(>) on (<)i(>)C. virginica(<)/i(>), I addressed the following questions: 1a) Does the presence of nonnative species decrease oyster larval settlement? 1b) Do oyster larvae avoid settling on oyster shells to which nonnative species are attached? 2a) Do nonnative species decrease survival of juvenile oysters (spat)? and 2b) Do nonnative species hinder spat growth? My manipulative experiments showed that the tested nonnative species influenced settlement, growth and survival of (<)i(>)C. virginica(<)/i(>) in unique ways. (<)i(>)Megabalanus coccopoma(<)/i(>) decreased the total number of settled oyster larvae, but did not influence larval preference or survival and growth of spat. (<)i(>)Perna viridis(<)/i(>) negatively influenced larval settlement and oyster larvae avoided settling on shells of (<)i(>)P. viridis(<)/i(>). (<)i(>)Mytella charruana(<)/i(>) had no influence on the total number of settled larvae but oyster larvae avoided settling on oyster shell with (<)i(>)M. charruana(<)/i(>) or on the mussel shells themselves. Furthermore, both nonnative mussels negatively affected the survival of juvenile oysters, but only (<)i(>)M. charruana(<)/i(>) reduced spat growth. These three nonnative species should be classified as invasive species because all had negative effects on the native oyster (<)i(>)C. virginica(<)/i(>).
Title: The effects of non-native species on two life-stages of the Eastern oyster (<)i(>)Crassostrea virginica(<)/i(>).
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Name(s): Yuan, Wei, Author
Walters, Linda, Committee Chair
Hoffman, Eric, Committee Member
Fauth, John, Committee Member
Scarpa, John, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Since their recent introductions into Florida waters, three nonnative species [(<)i(>)Perna viridis(<)/i(>) Linnaeus, 1758 (Asian green mussel), (<)i(>)Mytella charruana(<)/i(>) d'Orbigny, 1846 (charru mussel) and (<)i(>)Megabalanus coccopoma(<)/i(>) Darwin, 1854 (pink titan acorn barnacle)] have expanded both north and south along the Atlantic coast. Very little research has been done to understand how these nonnative species interact with the native eastern oyster ((<)i(>)Crassostrea virginica(<)/i(>) Gmelin, 1791), which is a keystone species that provides important ecological services and economic benefits. To test the potential effects of (<)i(>)P. viridis, M. charruana(<)/i(>) and (<)i(>)M. coccopoma(<)/i(>) on (<)i(>)C. virginica(<)/i(>), I addressed the following questions: 1a) Does the presence of nonnative species decrease oyster larval settlement? 1b) Do oyster larvae avoid settling on oyster shells to which nonnative species are attached? 2a) Do nonnative species decrease survival of juvenile oysters (spat)? and 2b) Do nonnative species hinder spat growth? My manipulative experiments showed that the tested nonnative species influenced settlement, growth and survival of (<)i(>)C. virginica(<)/i(>) in unique ways. (<)i(>)Megabalanus coccopoma(<)/i(>) decreased the total number of settled oyster larvae, but did not influence larval preference or survival and growth of spat. (<)i(>)Perna viridis(<)/i(>) negatively influenced larval settlement and oyster larvae avoided settling on shells of (<)i(>)P. viridis(<)/i(>). (<)i(>)Mytella charruana(<)/i(>) had no influence on the total number of settled larvae but oyster larvae avoided settling on oyster shell with (<)i(>)M. charruana(<)/i(>) or on the mussel shells themselves. Furthermore, both nonnative mussels negatively affected the survival of juvenile oysters, but only (<)i(>)M. charruana(<)/i(>) reduced spat growth. These three nonnative species should be classified as invasive species because all had negative effects on the native oyster (<)i(>)C. virginica(<)/i(>).
Identifier: CFE0005448 (IID), ucf:50377 (fedora)
Note(s): 2014-08-01
M.S.
Sciences, Biology
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Easter oyster -- nonnative species -- invasive species -- mussel -- barnacle
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005448
Restrictions on Access: public 2014-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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