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Time and Space Efficient Techniques for Facial Recognition

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Date Issued:
2013
Abstract/Description:
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in face recognition. As a result, many new facial recognition techniques have been introduced. Recent developments in the field of face recognition have led to an increase in the number of available face recognition commercial products. However, Face recognition techniques are currently constrained by three main factors: recognition accuracy, computational complexity, and storage requirements. The problem is that most of the current face recognition techniques succeed in improving one or two of these factors at the expense of the others.In this dissertation, four novel face recognition techniques that improve the storage and computational requirements of face recognition systems are presented and analyzed. Three of the four novel face recognition techniques to be introduced, namely, Quantized/truncated Transform Domain (QTD), Frequency Domain Thresholding and Quantization (FD-TQ), and Normalized Transform Domain (NTD). All the three techniques utilize the Two-dimensional Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT-II), which reduces the dimensionality of facial feature images, thereby reducing the computational complexity. The fourth novel face recognition technique is introduced, namely, the Normalized Histogram Intensity (NHI). It is based on utilizing the pixel intensity histogram of poses' subimages, which reduces the computational complexity and the needed storage requirements. Various simulation experiments using MATLAB were conducted to test the proposed methods. For the purpose of benchmarking the performance of the proposed methods, the simulation experiments were performed using current state-of-the-art face recognition techniques, namely, Two Dimensional Principal Component Analysis (2DPCA), Two-Directional Two-Dimensional Principal Component Analysis ((2D)^2PCA), and Transform Domain Two Dimensional Principal Component Analysis (TD2DPCA). The experiments were applied to the ORL, Yale, and FERET databases.The experimental results for the proposed techniques confirm that the use of any of the four novel techniques examined in this study results in a significant reduction in computational complexity and storage requirements compared to the state-of-the-art techniques without sacrificing the recognition accuracy.
Title: Time and Space Efficient Techniques for Facial Recognition.
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Name(s): Alrasheed, Waleed, Author
Mikhael, Wasfy, Committee Chair
DeMara, Ronald, Committee Member
Haralambous, Michael, Committee Member
Wei, Lei, Committee Member
Myers, Brent, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2013
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in face recognition. As a result, many new facial recognition techniques have been introduced. Recent developments in the field of face recognition have led to an increase in the number of available face recognition commercial products. However, Face recognition techniques are currently constrained by three main factors: recognition accuracy, computational complexity, and storage requirements. The problem is that most of the current face recognition techniques succeed in improving one or two of these factors at the expense of the others.In this dissertation, four novel face recognition techniques that improve the storage and computational requirements of face recognition systems are presented and analyzed. Three of the four novel face recognition techniques to be introduced, namely, Quantized/truncated Transform Domain (QTD), Frequency Domain Thresholding and Quantization (FD-TQ), and Normalized Transform Domain (NTD). All the three techniques utilize the Two-dimensional Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT-II), which reduces the dimensionality of facial feature images, thereby reducing the computational complexity. The fourth novel face recognition technique is introduced, namely, the Normalized Histogram Intensity (NHI). It is based on utilizing the pixel intensity histogram of poses' subimages, which reduces the computational complexity and the needed storage requirements. Various simulation experiments using MATLAB were conducted to test the proposed methods. For the purpose of benchmarking the performance of the proposed methods, the simulation experiments were performed using current state-of-the-art face recognition techniques, namely, Two Dimensional Principal Component Analysis (2DPCA), Two-Directional Two-Dimensional Principal Component Analysis ((2D)^2PCA), and Transform Domain Two Dimensional Principal Component Analysis (TD2DPCA). The experiments were applied to the ORL, Yale, and FERET databases.The experimental results for the proposed techniques confirm that the use of any of the four novel techniques examined in this study results in a significant reduction in computational complexity and storage requirements compared to the state-of-the-art techniques without sacrificing the recognition accuracy.
Identifier: CFE0005297 (IID), ucf:50566 (fedora)
Note(s): 2013-12-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): facial -- recognition -- PCA -- 2DPCA -- (2D)^2PCA -- TD2DPCA -- DCT -- Histogram.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005297
Restrictions on Access: campus 2019-06-15
Host Institution: UCF

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