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A theoretical and experimental investigation of the physical and chemical properties of solid nanoscale interfaces

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Date Issued:
2015
Abstract/Description:
With the emerging interest in nanoscale materials, the fascinating field of surface science is rapidly growing and presenting challenges to the design of both experimental and theoretical studies. The primary aim of this dissertation is to shed some light on the physical and chemical properties of selected nanoscale materials at the interface. Furthermore, we will discuss the effective application of cutting edge theoretical and experimental techniques that are invaluable tools for understanding the systems at hand. To this effect, we use density functional theory (DFT) with the inclusion of van der Waals (vdW) interactions to study the effect of long-range interactions on the adsorption characteristics of various organic molecules (i.e. benzene, olympicene radical, and sexithiophene) on transition metal surfaces. Secondly, the detailed analysis of x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements will be presented. These investigations will be dedicated to the study of (i) the effect of pre-treatment on the coarsening behavior of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) supported on ?-Al2O3 and (ii) deconvoluting the intrinsic (size effects) and extrinsic (ligand effects) physical and electronic properties of Au NPs encapsulated by polystyrene 2-vinylpiridine ligands.
Title: A theoretical and experimental investigation of the physical and chemical properties of solid nanoscale interfaces.
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Name(s): Matos, Jeronimo, Author
Kara, Abdelkader, Committee Chair
Heinrich, Helge, Committee Member
Schelling, Patrick, Committee Member
Masunov, Artem, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: With the emerging interest in nanoscale materials, the fascinating field of surface science is rapidly growing and presenting challenges to the design of both experimental and theoretical studies. The primary aim of this dissertation is to shed some light on the physical and chemical properties of selected nanoscale materials at the interface. Furthermore, we will discuss the effective application of cutting edge theoretical and experimental techniques that are invaluable tools for understanding the systems at hand. To this effect, we use density functional theory (DFT) with the inclusion of van der Waals (vdW) interactions to study the effect of long-range interactions on the adsorption characteristics of various organic molecules (i.e. benzene, olympicene radical, and sexithiophene) on transition metal surfaces. Secondly, the detailed analysis of x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements will be presented. These investigations will be dedicated to the study of (i) the effect of pre-treatment on the coarsening behavior of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) supported on ?-Al2O3 and (ii) deconvoluting the intrinsic (size effects) and extrinsic (ligand effects) physical and electronic properties of Au NPs encapsulated by polystyrene 2-vinylpiridine ligands.
Identifier: CFE0005975 (IID), ucf:50783 (fedora)
Note(s): 2015-12-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Physics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): sexithiophene -- olympicene radical -- benzene -- organic molecules -- nanoparticles -- DFT -- XAS -- AFM -- XPS -- EXAFS -- XANES -- STEM -- vdW -- vdW-DF -- adsorption -- coarsening
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005975
Restrictions on Access: public 2015-12-15
Host Institution: UCF

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