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Observations, Thermochemical Calculations, and Modeling of Exoplanetary Atmospheres

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Date Issued:
2015
Abstract/Description:
This dissertation as a whole aims to provide the means to better understand hot-Jupiter planets through observing, performing thermochemical calculations, and modeling their atmospheres. We used Spitzer multi-wavelength secondary-eclipse observations to characterize planetary atmospheres. We chose targets with high signal-to-noise ratios, as their deep eclipses allow us to detect signatures of spectral features and assess planetary atmospheric structure and composition with greater certainty. Chapter 1 gives a short introduction. Chapter 2 presents the Spitzer secondary-eclipse analysis and atmospheric characterization of WASP-14b. The decrease in flux when a planet passes behind its host star reveals the planet dayside thermal emission, which, in turn, tells us about the atmospheric temperature and pressure profiles and molecular abundances. WASP-14b is a highly irradiated, transiting hot Jupiter. By applying a Bayesian approach in the atmospheric analysis, we found an absence of thermal inversion contrary to theoretical predictions. Chapter 3 describes the infrared observations of WASP-43b's Spitzer secondary eclipses, data analysis, and atmospheric characterization. WASP-43b is one of the closest-orbiting hot Jupiters, orbiting one of the coolest stars with a hot Jupiter. This configuration provided one of the strongest signal-to-noise ratios. The atmospheric analysis ruled out a strong thermal inversion in the dayside atmosphere of WASP-43b and put a nominal upper limit on the day-night energy redistribution. Chapter 4 presents an open-source Thermochemical Equilibrium Abundances (TEA) code and its application to several hot-Jupiter temperature and pressure models. TEA calculates the abundances of gaseous molecular species using the Gibbs free-energy minimization method within an iterative Lagrangian optimization scheme. The thermochemical equilibrium abundances obtained with TEA can be used to initialize atmospheric models of any planetary atmosphere. The code is written in Python, in a modular fashion, and it is available to the community via http://github.com/dzesmin/TEA. Chapter 5 presents my contributions to an open-source Bayesian Atmospheric Radiative Transfer (BART) code, and its application to WASP-43b. BART characterizes planetary atmospheres based on the observed spectroscopic information. It initializes a planetary atmospheric model, performs radiative-transfer calculations to produce models of planetary spectra, and using a statistical module compares models with observations. We describe the implementation of the initialization routines, the atmospheric profile generator, the eclipse module, the best-fit routines, and the contribution function module. We also present a comprehensive atmospheric analysis of all WASP-43b secondary-eclipse data obtained from the space- and ground-based observations using BART.
Title: Observations, Thermochemical Calculations, and Modeling of Exoplanetary Atmospheres.
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Name(s): Blecic, Jasmina, Author
Harrington, Joseph, Committee Chair
Britt, Daniel, Committee Member
Peale, Robert, Committee Member
Fortney, Jonathan, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This dissertation as a whole aims to provide the means to better understand hot-Jupiter planets through observing, performing thermochemical calculations, and modeling their atmospheres. We used Spitzer multi-wavelength secondary-eclipse observations to characterize planetary atmospheres. We chose targets with high signal-to-noise ratios, as their deep eclipses allow us to detect signatures of spectral features and assess planetary atmospheric structure and composition with greater certainty. Chapter 1 gives a short introduction. Chapter 2 presents the Spitzer secondary-eclipse analysis and atmospheric characterization of WASP-14b. The decrease in flux when a planet passes behind its host star reveals the planet dayside thermal emission, which, in turn, tells us about the atmospheric temperature and pressure profiles and molecular abundances. WASP-14b is a highly irradiated, transiting hot Jupiter. By applying a Bayesian approach in the atmospheric analysis, we found an absence of thermal inversion contrary to theoretical predictions. Chapter 3 describes the infrared observations of WASP-43b's Spitzer secondary eclipses, data analysis, and atmospheric characterization. WASP-43b is one of the closest-orbiting hot Jupiters, orbiting one of the coolest stars with a hot Jupiter. This configuration provided one of the strongest signal-to-noise ratios. The atmospheric analysis ruled out a strong thermal inversion in the dayside atmosphere of WASP-43b and put a nominal upper limit on the day-night energy redistribution. Chapter 4 presents an open-source Thermochemical Equilibrium Abundances (TEA) code and its application to several hot-Jupiter temperature and pressure models. TEA calculates the abundances of gaseous molecular species using the Gibbs free-energy minimization method within an iterative Lagrangian optimization scheme. The thermochemical equilibrium abundances obtained with TEA can be used to initialize atmospheric models of any planetary atmosphere. The code is written in Python, in a modular fashion, and it is available to the community via http://github.com/dzesmin/TEA. Chapter 5 presents my contributions to an open-source Bayesian Atmospheric Radiative Transfer (BART) code, and its application to WASP-43b. BART characterizes planetary atmospheres based on the observed spectroscopic information. It initializes a planetary atmospheric model, performs radiative-transfer calculations to produce models of planetary spectra, and using a statistical module compares models with observations. We describe the implementation of the initialization routines, the atmospheric profile generator, the eclipse module, the best-fit routines, and the contribution function module. We also present a comprehensive atmospheric analysis of all WASP-43b secondary-eclipse data obtained from the space- and ground-based observations using BART.
Identifier: CFE0005926 (IID), ucf:50841 (fedora)
Note(s): 2015-12-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Physics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): exoplanets -- photometry -- thermochemical equilibrium -- radiative transfer -- WASP-14b -- WASP-43b -- TEA -- BART
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005926
Restrictions on Access: public 2015-12-15
Host Institution: UCF

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