You are here

In Actu Et In Silicio: Linear and Nonlinear Photophysical Characterization of a Novel Europium Complex, and Incorporating Computational Calculations in the Analysis of Novel Organic Compounds

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2014
Abstract/Description:
Despite not being a tangible substance, light is becoming an increasingly valuable tool in numerous areas of science and technology: the use of laser excitation of a fluorescent probe can generate incredibly detailed images of cellular structures without the need for large amounts of dissection; new types of solar cells are being produced using organic dyes to harvest light; computer data can be stored by inducing a chemical change in a compound through irradiation with light. However, before any of these materials can be applied in such a way, their properties must first be analyzed for them to be deemed viable.The focus of this dissertation is the photophysical characterization, linear and nonlinear, of a several novel organic compounds, and a europium complex, as well as using quantum chemical calculation techniques to understand some of the phenomena that are witnessed and begin to develop predictive capability. The nonlinear characterization of compounds utilizes wavelengths outside of their linear absorption range, where a focused beam can achieve the same excitation as one at half the wavelength, though this effect has a quadratic dependence on power.The potential for nonlinear excitation, or two-photon absorption (2PA), is becoming of increasing interest and importance for organic chromophores. Exciting only a small volume of material at a focal point makes it possible to nondestructively image samples in 3-dimensions, record data in multiple layers, and fabricate intricate structures through photopolymerization reactions.Lanthanides such as europium are known to exhibit sharp emission bands when excited, typically through an antenna effect due to the low probability of achieving direct excitation. This emission is long-lived, and through gating systems can readily be separated from background noise and autofluorescence (often observed in biological samples) that have much shorter lifetimes. Thus, one of the foci of this dissertation is the photophysical investigation of a series of novel lanthanide complexes, with particular attention to a europium complex.
Title: In Actu Et In Silicio: Linear and Nonlinear Photophysical Characterization of a Novel Europium Complex, and Incorporating Computational Calculations in the Analysis of Novel Organic Compounds.
23 views
13 downloads
Name(s): Woodward, Adam, Author
Belfield, Kevin, Committee Chair
Campiglia, Andres, Committee Member
Harper, James, Committee Member
Frazer, Andrew, Committee Member
Cheng, Zixi, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Despite not being a tangible substance, light is becoming an increasingly valuable tool in numerous areas of science and technology: the use of laser excitation of a fluorescent probe can generate incredibly detailed images of cellular structures without the need for large amounts of dissection; new types of solar cells are being produced using organic dyes to harvest light; computer data can be stored by inducing a chemical change in a compound through irradiation with light. However, before any of these materials can be applied in such a way, their properties must first be analyzed for them to be deemed viable.The focus of this dissertation is the photophysical characterization, linear and nonlinear, of a several novel organic compounds, and a europium complex, as well as using quantum chemical calculation techniques to understand some of the phenomena that are witnessed and begin to develop predictive capability. The nonlinear characterization of compounds utilizes wavelengths outside of their linear absorption range, where a focused beam can achieve the same excitation as one at half the wavelength, though this effect has a quadratic dependence on power.The potential for nonlinear excitation, or two-photon absorption (2PA), is becoming of increasing interest and importance for organic chromophores. Exciting only a small volume of material at a focal point makes it possible to nondestructively image samples in 3-dimensions, record data in multiple layers, and fabricate intricate structures through photopolymerization reactions.Lanthanides such as europium are known to exhibit sharp emission bands when excited, typically through an antenna effect due to the low probability of achieving direct excitation. This emission is long-lived, and through gating systems can readily be separated from background noise and autofluorescence (often observed in biological samples) that have much shorter lifetimes. Thus, one of the foci of this dissertation is the photophysical investigation of a series of novel lanthanide complexes, with particular attention to a europium complex.
Identifier: CFE0005908 (IID), ucf:50891 (fedora)
Note(s): 2014-12-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Chemistry
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Physical chemistry -- spectroscopy -- fluorescence spectroscopy -- nonlinear spectroscopy -- two-photon absorption -- DFT calculations -- lanthanide complexes
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0005908
Restrictions on Access: campus 2016-06-15
Host Institution: UCF

In Collections