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Synchrotron based infrared microspectroscopy of carbonaceous chondrites.

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Date Issued:
2015
Abstract/Description:
Relationships between organic molecules and inorganic minerals are investigated in five carbonaceous chondrites, Northwest Africa 852 (CR2), Tagish Lake (C2-ungroupped), Orgueil (CI1), Sutter's Mill (CM), and Murchison (CM2), with micron spatial resolution using synchrotron-based imaging micro-FTIR spectroscopy. Correlations based on absorption strength for various constituents are determined using statistical correlation analysis. Silicate band is found to be positively correlated with stretching modes of aliphatic hydrocarbons in NWA 852 and Tagish Lake. The former is highly correlated with the hydration band in all meteorites. Negative correlation is observed between water+organics and carbonate bands in all meteorites. Two dimensional infrared maps for NWA 852 and Orgueil show that carbonates are spatially separated from water+organic combination, silicates, OH, and CH distributions. Overlapping of the latter three in NWA 852 and Tagish Lake suggests a possible catalytic role of phyllosilicates in the formation of organics. Additionally, spectroscopic analyses on Sutter's Mill meteorite fragments present multiple distinct mineralogies. Spatial and spectral evidences on this regolith breccia suggest mixing of multiple parent bodies. Ratios of asymmetric CH2 and CH3 band strengths for NWA 852, Tagish Lake, and Sutter's Mill are similar to the average ratio of interplanetary dust particles and Wild 2 cometary dust particles, however significantly exceeds that of interstellar medium objects and several aqueously altered carbonaceous chondrites such as Orgueil. This suggests distinct formation regions and/or parent body processing of organics for these meteorites. Our infrared spectro-microtomography measurements on Murchison meteorite, representing the first such measurement on any kind of meteorite, comprise of three-dimensional reconstructions of specific molecular functional groups for understanding the spatial distributions of these groups.
Title: Synchrotron based infrared microspectroscopy of carbonaceous chondrites.
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Name(s): Yesiltas, Mehmet, Author
Peale, Robert, Committee Chair
Fernandez, Yan, Committee Member
Britt, Daniel, Committee Member
Reach, William, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Relationships between organic molecules and inorganic minerals are investigated in five carbonaceous chondrites, Northwest Africa 852 (CR2), Tagish Lake (C2-ungroupped), Orgueil (CI1), Sutter's Mill (CM), and Murchison (CM2), with micron spatial resolution using synchrotron-based imaging micro-FTIR spectroscopy. Correlations based on absorption strength for various constituents are determined using statistical correlation analysis. Silicate band is found to be positively correlated with stretching modes of aliphatic hydrocarbons in NWA 852 and Tagish Lake. The former is highly correlated with the hydration band in all meteorites. Negative correlation is observed between water+organics and carbonate bands in all meteorites. Two dimensional infrared maps for NWA 852 and Orgueil show that carbonates are spatially separated from water+organic combination, silicates, OH, and CH distributions. Overlapping of the latter three in NWA 852 and Tagish Lake suggests a possible catalytic role of phyllosilicates in the formation of organics. Additionally, spectroscopic analyses on Sutter's Mill meteorite fragments present multiple distinct mineralogies. Spatial and spectral evidences on this regolith breccia suggest mixing of multiple parent bodies. Ratios of asymmetric CH2 and CH3 band strengths for NWA 852, Tagish Lake, and Sutter's Mill are similar to the average ratio of interplanetary dust particles and Wild 2 cometary dust particles, however significantly exceeds that of interstellar medium objects and several aqueously altered carbonaceous chondrites such as Orgueil. This suggests distinct formation regions and/or parent body processing of organics for these meteorites. Our infrared spectro-microtomography measurements on Murchison meteorite, representing the first such measurement on any kind of meteorite, comprise of three-dimensional reconstructions of specific molecular functional groups for understanding the spatial distributions of these groups.
Identifier: CFE0006061 (IID), ucf:50966 (fedora)
Note(s): 2015-05-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Physics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): infrared -- Raman -- spectroscopy -- microscopy -- meteorites -- carbonaceous chondrites
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006061
Restrictions on Access: campus 2016-11-15
Host Institution: UCF

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