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Broad Bandwidth Optical Frequency Combs from Low Noise, High Repetition Rate Semiconductor Mode-Locked Lasers

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
Mode-locked lasers have numerous applications in the areas of communications, spectroscopy, and frequency metrology. Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor lasers with external ring cavities offer a unique combination of benefits in that they can produce high repetition rate pulse trains with low timing jitter, achieve narrow axial mode linewidths, have the potential for entire monolithic integration on-chip, feature high wall-plug efficiency due to direct electrical pumping, and can be engineered to operate in different wavelength bands of interest. However, lasers based on InP/InGaAsP quantum well devices which operate in the important telecom C-band have thus far been relatively limited in bandwidth as compared to competing platforms. Broad bandwidth is critical for increasing information carrying capacity and enabling femtosecond pulse production for coherent continuum generation in offset frequency stabilization. The goal of the work in this dissertation is to maximize the bandwidth of semiconductor lasers, bringing them closer to reaching their full potential as all-purpose sources.Dispersion in the laser cavity is a primary limiter of the achievable bandwidth in the laser architectures covered in this dissertation. In the first part of this dissertation, an accurate self-referenced technique based on multi-heterodyne detection is developed for measuring the spectral phase of a mode-locked laser. This technique is used to characterize the dispersion in several semiconductor laser architectures. In the second part, this knowledge is applied to reduce the dispersion in a laser cavity using a programmable pulse shaper, and thus increase the laser's spectral bandwidth. We demonstrate a 10 GHz frequency comb with bandwidth spanning 5 THz, representing a twofold improvement over the previously achievable bandwidth. Finally, this laser is converted to a stand-alone system by reconfiguring it as a coupled opto-electronic oscillator and a novel stabilization scheme is presented.
Title: Broad Bandwidth Optical Frequency Combs from Low Noise, High Repetition Rate Semiconductor Mode-Locked Lasers.
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Name(s): Klee, Anthony, Author
Delfyett, Peter, Committee Chair
Vanstryland, Eric, Committee Member
Schulzgen, Axel, Committee Member
DeSalvo, Richard, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Mode-locked lasers have numerous applications in the areas of communications, spectroscopy, and frequency metrology. Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor lasers with external ring cavities offer a unique combination of benefits in that they can produce high repetition rate pulse trains with low timing jitter, achieve narrow axial mode linewidths, have the potential for entire monolithic integration on-chip, feature high wall-plug efficiency due to direct electrical pumping, and can be engineered to operate in different wavelength bands of interest. However, lasers based on InP/InGaAsP quantum well devices which operate in the important telecom C-band have thus far been relatively limited in bandwidth as compared to competing platforms. Broad bandwidth is critical for increasing information carrying capacity and enabling femtosecond pulse production for coherent continuum generation in offset frequency stabilization. The goal of the work in this dissertation is to maximize the bandwidth of semiconductor lasers, bringing them closer to reaching their full potential as all-purpose sources.Dispersion in the laser cavity is a primary limiter of the achievable bandwidth in the laser architectures covered in this dissertation. In the first part of this dissertation, an accurate self-referenced technique based on multi-heterodyne detection is developed for measuring the spectral phase of a mode-locked laser. This technique is used to characterize the dispersion in several semiconductor laser architectures. In the second part, this knowledge is applied to reduce the dispersion in a laser cavity using a programmable pulse shaper, and thus increase the laser's spectral bandwidth. We demonstrate a 10 GHz frequency comb with bandwidth spanning 5 THz, representing a twofold improvement over the previously achievable bandwidth. Finally, this laser is converted to a stand-alone system by reconfiguring it as a coupled opto-electronic oscillator and a novel stabilization scheme is presented.
Identifier: CFE0006129 (IID), ucf:51184 (fedora)
Note(s): 2016-05-01
Ph.D.
Optics and Photonics, Optics and Photonics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Semiconductor lasers -- Mode-locked lasers -- Multi-heterodyne detection
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006129
Restrictions on Access: public 2016-05-15
Host Institution: UCF

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