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From Tunnel Vision to Bird's-Eye View: The Development of a Broad Harassment Construct

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Date Issued:
2017
Abstract/Description:
Research on workplace harassment has increased in recent years, resulting in a large body of evidence suggesting that perceiving harassment at work leads to a host of negative outcomes (Jones, Peddie, Gilrane, King, (&) Gray, 2016; Pascoe (&) Richman, 2009; Triana, Jayasinghe, (&) Pieper, 2015; Willness, Steel, (&) Lee, 2007). However, despite calls to broaden the conceptualization of workplace harassment, the dominant approach in the literature has been to study a single, discrete form of harassment in isolation. The current paper addresses this limitation by simultaneously assessing multiple forms of harassment (i.e., ethnic harassment, sexual harassment, age harassment, heterosexist harassment, and religious harassment) to determine if these constructs reflect a single latent harassment variable. Additionally, the current paper proposed and tested antecedents and outcomes thought to be shared across multiple forms of workplace harassment. Lastly, the current work considers whether harassment is more strongly related to outcomes when both are conceptualized broadly in comparison to when they are conceptualized narrowly. Data from three samples demonstrated support for conceptualizing and modeling workplace harassment more broadly. Results also suggest that multiple forms of workplace harassment share a common set of predictors and outcomes. Harassment was also found to have a stronger relationship with task performance and employee health consequences when a broader conceptualization of harassment was utilized. The findings of the current paper contribute to the development of an integrated theory of workplace harassment and highlight the need for organizational and legal interventions aimed at curtailing workplace harassment.
Title: From Tunnel Vision to Bird's-Eye View: The Development of a Broad Harassment Construct.
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Name(s): Dhanani, Lindsay, Author
Joseph, Dana, Committee Chair
Fritzsche, Barbara, Committee Member
Beus, Jeremy, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Research on workplace harassment has increased in recent years, resulting in a large body of evidence suggesting that perceiving harassment at work leads to a host of negative outcomes (Jones, Peddie, Gilrane, King, (&) Gray, 2016; Pascoe (&) Richman, 2009; Triana, Jayasinghe, (&) Pieper, 2015; Willness, Steel, (&) Lee, 2007). However, despite calls to broaden the conceptualization of workplace harassment, the dominant approach in the literature has been to study a single, discrete form of harassment in isolation. The current paper addresses this limitation by simultaneously assessing multiple forms of harassment (i.e., ethnic harassment, sexual harassment, age harassment, heterosexist harassment, and religious harassment) to determine if these constructs reflect a single latent harassment variable. Additionally, the current paper proposed and tested antecedents and outcomes thought to be shared across multiple forms of workplace harassment. Lastly, the current work considers whether harassment is more strongly related to outcomes when both are conceptualized broadly in comparison to when they are conceptualized narrowly. Data from three samples demonstrated support for conceptualizing and modeling workplace harassment more broadly. Results also suggest that multiple forms of workplace harassment share a common set of predictors and outcomes. Harassment was also found to have a stronger relationship with task performance and employee health consequences when a broader conceptualization of harassment was utilized. The findings of the current paper contribute to the development of an integrated theory of workplace harassment and highlight the need for organizational and legal interventions aimed at curtailing workplace harassment.
Identifier: CFE0006584 (IID), ucf:51319 (fedora)
Note(s): 2017-05-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Psychology
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): workplace harassment -- job attitudes -- performance -- employee health
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006584
Restrictions on Access: campus 2022-05-15
Host Institution: UCF

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