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The Impact of Various Characteristics of Prekindergarten Services for Students with Disabilities on Later School Performance

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
This study addressed the problem of limited data for determining the effectiveness of prekindergarten programs for students with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between participation in ESE services during prekindergarten and long term outcomes for students who received these services. Outcome measures included third grade academic performance and needs for exceptional student education (ESE) services.Regression analysis and correlational analysis were conducted for each of two research questions as appropriate. The findings of this research indicated inconsistent statistically significant relationships between the characteristics of ESE services students with disabilities received during prekindergarten and the academic outcomes of these students during third grade. Academic outcome data was collected using state-mandated standardized testing instruments for reading and math including the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test 2.0 and the Florida Alternate Assessment. Students who received ESE services during prekindergarten consistently displayed statistically significant increased performance on FCAT 2.0 Reading. There was a statistically significant relationship between the prekindergarten ESE services provided to students and the third grade intensity of ESE services required to provide students with a free and appropriate public education; students who received ESE services during kindergarten required less intensive ESE services during third grade.Recommendations for future research resulting from this study include replicating this study with multiple measures of academic performance and other areas of functioning important to school success, completion of longitudinal data collection for students who receive ESE prekindergarten services in conjunction with exposure to typical peers, as well as measurement of outcomes based on specific and personal characteristics of teachers who provide prekindergarten ESE services.
Title: The Impact of Various Characteristics of Prekindergarten Services for Students with Disabilities on Later School Performance.
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Name(s): Shores, Tanya, Author
Murray, Barbara, Committee Chair
Doherty, Walter, Committee Member
Baldwin, Lee, Committee Member
Wright, Teresa, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study addressed the problem of limited data for determining the effectiveness of prekindergarten programs for students with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between participation in ESE services during prekindergarten and long term outcomes for students who received these services. Outcome measures included third grade academic performance and needs for exceptional student education (ESE) services.Regression analysis and correlational analysis were conducted for each of two research questions as appropriate. The findings of this research indicated inconsistent statistically significant relationships between the characteristics of ESE services students with disabilities received during prekindergarten and the academic outcomes of these students during third grade. Academic outcome data was collected using state-mandated standardized testing instruments for reading and math including the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test 2.0 and the Florida Alternate Assessment. Students who received ESE services during prekindergarten consistently displayed statistically significant increased performance on FCAT 2.0 Reading. There was a statistically significant relationship between the prekindergarten ESE services provided to students and the third grade intensity of ESE services required to provide students with a free and appropriate public education; students who received ESE services during kindergarten required less intensive ESE services during third grade.Recommendations for future research resulting from this study include replicating this study with multiple measures of academic performance and other areas of functioning important to school success, completion of longitudinal data collection for students who receive ESE prekindergarten services in conjunction with exposure to typical peers, as well as measurement of outcomes based on specific and personal characteristics of teachers who provide prekindergarten ESE services.
Identifier: CFE0006394 (IID), ucf:51493 (fedora)
Note(s): 2016-08-01
Ed.D.
Education and Human Performance, Teaching, Learning and Leadership
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): prekindergarten -- ESE -- special education -- disabilities -- education
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006394
Restrictions on Access: public 2016-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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