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Probabilistic-Based Computing Transformation with Reconfigurable Logic Fabrics

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
Effectively tackling the upcoming (")zettabytes(") data explosion requires a huge quantum leapin our computing power and energy efficiency. However, with the Moore's law dwindlingquickly, the physical limits of CMOS technology make it almost intractable to achieve highenergy efficiency if the traditional (")deterministic and precise(") computing model still dominates.Worse, the upcoming data explosion mostly comprises statistics gleaned from uncertain,imperfect real-world environment. As such, the traditional computing means of first-principlemodeling or explicit statistical modeling will very likely be ineffective to achieveflexibility, autonomy, and human interaction. The bottom line is clear: given where we areheaded, the fundamental principle of modern computing(-)deterministic logic circuits canflawlessly emulate propositional logic deduction governed by Boolean algebra(-)has to bereexamined, and transformative changes in the foundation of modern computing must bemade.This dissertation presents a novel stochastic-based computing methodology. It efficientlyrealizes the algorithmatic computing through the proposed concept of Probabilistic DomainTransform (PDT). The essence of PDT approach is to encode the input signal asthe probability density function, perform stochastic computing operations on the signal inthe probabilistic domain, and decode the output signal by estimating the probability densityfunction of the resulting random samples. The proposed methodology possesses manynotable advantages. Specifically, it uses much simplified circuit units to conduct complexoperations, which leads to highly area- and energy-efficient designs suitable for parallel processing.Moreover, it is highly fault-tolerant because the information to be processed isencoded with a large ensemble of random samples. As such, the local perturbations of itscomputing accuracy will be dissipated globally, thus becoming inconsequential to the final overall results. Finally, the proposed probabilistic-based computing can facilitate buildingscalable precision systems, which provides an elegant way to trade-off between computingaccuracy and computing performance/hardware efficiency for many real-world applications.To validate the effectiveness of the proposed PDT methodology, two important signal processingapplications, discrete convolution and 2-D FIR filtering, are first implemented andbenchmarked against other deterministic-based circuit implementations. Furthermore, alarge-scale Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), a fundamental algorithmic building blockin many computer vision and artificial intelligence applications that follow the deep learningprinciple, is also implemented with FPGA based on a novel stochastic-based and scalablehardware architecture and circuit design. The key idea is to implement all key componentsof a deep learning CNN, including multi-dimensional convolution, activation, and poolinglayers, completely in the probabilistic computing domain. The proposed architecture notonly achieves the advantages of stochastic-based computation, but can also solve severalchallenges in conventional CNN, such as complexity, parallelism, and memory storage.Overall, being highly scalable and energy efficient, the proposed PDT-based architecture iswell-suited for a modular vision engine with the goal of performing real-time detection, recognitionand segmentation of mega-pixel images, especially those perception-based computingtasks that are inherently fault-tolerant.
Title: Probabilistic-Based Computing Transformation with Reconfigurable Logic Fabrics.
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Name(s): Alawad, Mohammed, Author
Lin, Mingjie, Committee Chair
DeMara, Ronald, Committee Member
Mikhael, Wasfy, Committee Member
Wang, Jun, Committee Member
Das, Tuhin, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Effectively tackling the upcoming (")zettabytes(") data explosion requires a huge quantum leapin our computing power and energy efficiency. However, with the Moore's law dwindlingquickly, the physical limits of CMOS technology make it almost intractable to achieve highenergy efficiency if the traditional (")deterministic and precise(") computing model still dominates.Worse, the upcoming data explosion mostly comprises statistics gleaned from uncertain,imperfect real-world environment. As such, the traditional computing means of first-principlemodeling or explicit statistical modeling will very likely be ineffective to achieveflexibility, autonomy, and human interaction. The bottom line is clear: given where we areheaded, the fundamental principle of modern computing(-)deterministic logic circuits canflawlessly emulate propositional logic deduction governed by Boolean algebra(-)has to bereexamined, and transformative changes in the foundation of modern computing must bemade.This dissertation presents a novel stochastic-based computing methodology. It efficientlyrealizes the algorithmatic computing through the proposed concept of Probabilistic DomainTransform (PDT). The essence of PDT approach is to encode the input signal asthe probability density function, perform stochastic computing operations on the signal inthe probabilistic domain, and decode the output signal by estimating the probability densityfunction of the resulting random samples. The proposed methodology possesses manynotable advantages. Specifically, it uses much simplified circuit units to conduct complexoperations, which leads to highly area- and energy-efficient designs suitable for parallel processing.Moreover, it is highly fault-tolerant because the information to be processed isencoded with a large ensemble of random samples. As such, the local perturbations of itscomputing accuracy will be dissipated globally, thus becoming inconsequential to the final overall results. Finally, the proposed probabilistic-based computing can facilitate buildingscalable precision systems, which provides an elegant way to trade-off between computingaccuracy and computing performance/hardware efficiency for many real-world applications.To validate the effectiveness of the proposed PDT methodology, two important signal processingapplications, discrete convolution and 2-D FIR filtering, are first implemented andbenchmarked against other deterministic-based circuit implementations. Furthermore, alarge-scale Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), a fundamental algorithmic building blockin many computer vision and artificial intelligence applications that follow the deep learningprinciple, is also implemented with FPGA based on a novel stochastic-based and scalablehardware architecture and circuit design. The key idea is to implement all key componentsof a deep learning CNN, including multi-dimensional convolution, activation, and poolinglayers, completely in the probabilistic computing domain. The proposed architecture notonly achieves the advantages of stochastic-based computation, but can also solve severalchallenges in conventional CNN, such as complexity, parallelism, and memory storage.Overall, being highly scalable and energy efficient, the proposed PDT-based architecture iswell-suited for a modular vision engine with the goal of performing real-time detection, recognitionand segmentation of mega-pixel images, especially those perception-based computingtasks that are inherently fault-tolerant.
Identifier: CFE0006828 (IID), ucf:51768 (fedora)
Note(s): 2016-12-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Stochastic Computing -- Reconfigurable Computing -- FPGA -- Convolution -- FIR Filter -- Convolutional Neural Network
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006828
Restrictions on Access: campus 2022-06-15
Host Institution: UCF

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