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Mechanochemical Synthesis of Fuels from Sustainable Sources Utilizing Solid Catalysts

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Date Issued:
2017
Abstract/Description:
The transition to biofuels as a means of curbing the emissions of greenhouse gases has given rise to several questions such as what to use as the feedstock and how to cost effectively process them.(&)nbsp; The production of bio-derived chemicals presents challenges in synthesis and in use as a drop-in fuel replacement.(&)nbsp; Through the use of mechanochemistry reaction pathways can be utilized that allow the efficient production of biofuels and bioderived chemicals.(&)nbsp; To this end mechanically driven esterification and transesterification reactions were studied.(&)nbsp; It was found that the acid base properties of solid catalysts was critical to efficient reactions.(&)nbsp; Further investigation into mechanocatalytic reaction resulted in a reaction scheme where glucose can be used as a feedstock for the production of propane from glucose through a retro aldol reaction followed by hydrodeoxygenation.(&)nbsp; The use of mechanochemistry facilitates the efficient synthesis of important energy molecules and allows new reaction pathways to be exploited.(&)nbsp; The efficient production of bio-derived chemicals will reduce our impact on the environment.(&)nbsp;(&)nbsp;
Title: Mechanochemical Synthesis of Fuels from Sustainable Sources Utilizing Solid Catalysts.
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Name(s): Todd, Jacob, Author
Zhai, Lei, Committee Chair
Blair, Richard, Committee CoChair
Hampton, Michael, Committee Member
Harper, James, Committee Member
Rahman, Talat, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The transition to biofuels as a means of curbing the emissions of greenhouse gases has given rise to several questions such as what to use as the feedstock and how to cost effectively process them.(&)nbsp; The production of bio-derived chemicals presents challenges in synthesis and in use as a drop-in fuel replacement.(&)nbsp; Through the use of mechanochemistry reaction pathways can be utilized that allow the efficient production of biofuels and bioderived chemicals.(&)nbsp; To this end mechanically driven esterification and transesterification reactions were studied.(&)nbsp; It was found that the acid base properties of solid catalysts was critical to efficient reactions.(&)nbsp; Further investigation into mechanocatalytic reaction resulted in a reaction scheme where glucose can be used as a feedstock for the production of propane from glucose through a retro aldol reaction followed by hydrodeoxygenation.(&)nbsp; The use of mechanochemistry facilitates the efficient synthesis of important energy molecules and allows new reaction pathways to be exploited.(&)nbsp; The efficient production of bio-derived chemicals will reduce our impact on the environment.(&)nbsp;(&)nbsp;
Identifier: CFE0006809 (IID), ucf:51805 (fedora)
Note(s): 2017-08-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Chemistry
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Solid catalysts -- biofuels -- Mechanochemistry -- Propane
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006809
Restrictions on Access: public 2017-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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