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The Owl Sensor: a smart nanostructure for single nucleotide variation analysis

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
Analysis of single nucleotide variations (SNVs) in DNA and RNA sequences is extensively used in healthcare for detection of genetic mutations and analysis of drug resistant pathogens. Here we developed a nucleic acid sensor able to differentiate between a fully matched analyte and one with a SNV in a wide temperature range of 5(&)deg;C-32(&)deg;C. The sensor, dubbed here the 'Owl Sensor' due to the complex's resemblance to owl eyes, utilizes recent developments in DNA nanotechnology and synthetic biology to self-assemble a fluorescent DNA nanostructure called a Double Crossover, or DX Tile, capable of differentiating SNVs in a large temperature range, including ambient temperature. In the presence of fully matched nucleic acid analytes, a stable complex is formed with high fluorescent signal; however in the presence of a single base variation in the analyte, unfavourable helicity results in little-to-no observed complex formation. The novelty of the approach is that selectivity of analyte recognition is, at least in part, determined by the structural rigidity of the entire nanostructure rather than by the stability of analyte-probe hybrid, as is the case for conventional hybridization probes. The rigid nanostructure collapses if a minor imperfection, e.g. if a single-base mispairing, is present. Owl Sensor differentiates fully matched analyte from mismatched in a wide temperature range, with mismatched analyte producing only the background fluorescence, selectivity that is hard to achieve by conventional hybridization probes. Owl Sensor therefore promises to add to the toolbox for diagnosis of genetic disorders and infectious diseases at ambient temperatures.
Title: The Owl Sensor: a smart nanostructure for single nucleotide variation analysis.
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Name(s): Karadeema, Rebekah, Author
Kolpashchikov, Dmitry, Committee Chair
Chumbimuni Torres, Karin, Committee Member
Harper, James, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Analysis of single nucleotide variations (SNVs) in DNA and RNA sequences is extensively used in healthcare for detection of genetic mutations and analysis of drug resistant pathogens. Here we developed a nucleic acid sensor able to differentiate between a fully matched analyte and one with a SNV in a wide temperature range of 5(&)deg;C-32(&)deg;C. The sensor, dubbed here the 'Owl Sensor' due to the complex's resemblance to owl eyes, utilizes recent developments in DNA nanotechnology and synthetic biology to self-assemble a fluorescent DNA nanostructure called a Double Crossover, or DX Tile, capable of differentiating SNVs in a large temperature range, including ambient temperature. In the presence of fully matched nucleic acid analytes, a stable complex is formed with high fluorescent signal; however in the presence of a single base variation in the analyte, unfavourable helicity results in little-to-no observed complex formation. The novelty of the approach is that selectivity of analyte recognition is, at least in part, determined by the structural rigidity of the entire nanostructure rather than by the stability of analyte-probe hybrid, as is the case for conventional hybridization probes. The rigid nanostructure collapses if a minor imperfection, e.g. if a single-base mispairing, is present. Owl Sensor differentiates fully matched analyte from mismatched in a wide temperature range, with mismatched analyte producing only the background fluorescence, selectivity that is hard to achieve by conventional hybridization probes. Owl Sensor therefore promises to add to the toolbox for diagnosis of genetic disorders and infectious diseases at ambient temperatures.
Identifier: CFE0006691 (IID), ucf:51916 (fedora)
Note(s): 2016-08-01
M.S.
Sciences, Chemistry
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): chemistry -- biochemistry -- Owl Sensor -- nanoscience -- nanostructure -- SNP -- SNP analysis -- DNA -- RNA -- nucleic acids -- nanotechnology -- single nucleotide variation
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006691
Restrictions on Access: campus 2022-02-15
Host Institution: UCF

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