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Aeroelastic Investigation of a Circumferentially Varying Tip Gap in an Axial Compressor Rotor

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
The tip leakage flow in axial compressors is a significant factor in engine performance and a subject of investigation over the last several decades. Many studies have already shown that the vortices generated by this tip leakage can have a negative impact on the surrounding flow field and overall performance, and could potentially lead to excitations as well. This study examines the effect of these vortices on aeroelasticity. Specifically, it looks at the effect from a circumferentially varying tip gap, such as that produced by casing ovalization.For this project, the casing ovalization of an industrial gas turbine compressor was modeled using a frequency domain solver, without the need for a full wheel model. Both the vibratory and aerodynamic calculations were conducted in order to assess the aeroelastic response of the blade, as well as the aerodynamic impact. Engine test data was implemented in order to model realistic levels of casing ovalization and to calibrate the analytical models. Comparisons to a well-established method are also conducted to further calibrate the models. The calculations showed that for the gap variations imposed, the instantaneous effects aligned with expectations. However, the variation from small and large gaps had a canceling effect on each other over the cycle of oscillation around the engine.
Title: Aeroelastic Investigation of a Circumferentially Varying Tip Gap in an Axial Compressor Rotor.
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Name(s): Canon, Ornan, Author
Kapat, Jayanta, Committee Chair
Vasu Sumathi, Subith, Committee Member
Kauffman, Jeffrey, Committee Member
Mackie, Kevin, Committee Member
Kiesow, Hans-jurgen, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The tip leakage flow in axial compressors is a significant factor in engine performance and a subject of investigation over the last several decades. Many studies have already shown that the vortices generated by this tip leakage can have a negative impact on the surrounding flow field and overall performance, and could potentially lead to excitations as well. This study examines the effect of these vortices on aeroelasticity. Specifically, it looks at the effect from a circumferentially varying tip gap, such as that produced by casing ovalization.For this project, the casing ovalization of an industrial gas turbine compressor was modeled using a frequency domain solver, without the need for a full wheel model. Both the vibratory and aerodynamic calculations were conducted in order to assess the aeroelastic response of the blade, as well as the aerodynamic impact. Engine test data was implemented in order to model realistic levels of casing ovalization and to calibrate the analytical models. Comparisons to a well-established method are also conducted to further calibrate the models. The calculations showed that for the gap variations imposed, the instantaneous effects aligned with expectations. However, the variation from small and large gaps had a canceling effect on each other over the cycle of oscillation around the engine.
Identifier: CFE0006682 (IID), ucf:51926 (fedora)
Note(s): 2016-08-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): aeromechanics -- tip gap variation -- unsteady -- aerodynamics
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006682
Restrictions on Access: campus 2018-02-15
Host Institution: UCF

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