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Estimation and clustering in statistical ill-posed linear inverse problems

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Date Issued:
2019
Abstract/Description:
The main focus of the dissertation is estimation and clustering in statistical ill-posed linear inverse problems. The dissertation deals with a problem of simultaneously estimating a collection of solutions of ill-posed linear inverse problems from their noisy images under an operator that does not have a bounded inverse, when the solutions are related in a certain way. The dissertation defense consists of three parts. In the first part, the collection consists of measurements of temporal functions at various spatial locations. In particular, we studythe problem of estimating a three-dimensional function based on observations of its noisy Laplace convolution. In the second part, we recover classes of similar curves when the class memberships are unknown. Problems of this kind appear in many areas of application where clustering is carried out at the pre-processing step and then the inverse problem is solved for each of the cluster averages separately. As a result, the errors of the procedures are usually examined for the estimation step only. In both parts, we construct the estimators, study their minimax optimality and evaluate their performance via a limited simulation study. In the third part, we propose a new computational platform to better understand the patterns of R-fMRI by taking into account the challenge of inevitable signal fluctuations and interpretthe success of dynamic functional connectivity approaches. Towards this, we revisit an auto-regressive and vector auto-regressive signal modeling approach for estimating temporal changes of the signal in brain regions. We then generate inverse covariance matrices fromthe generated windows and use a non-parametric statistical approach to select significant features. Finally, we use Lasso to perform classification of the data. The effectiveness of theproposed method is evidenced in the classification of R-fMRI scans
Title: Estimation and clustering in statistical ill-posed linear inverse problems.
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Name(s): Rajapakshage, Rasika, Author
Pensky, Marianna, Committee Chair
Swanson, Jason, Committee Member
Zhang, Teng, Committee Member
Bagci, Ulas, Committee Member
Foroosh, Hassan, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2019
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The main focus of the dissertation is estimation and clustering in statistical ill-posed linear inverse problems. The dissertation deals with a problem of simultaneously estimating a collection of solutions of ill-posed linear inverse problems from their noisy images under an operator that does not have a bounded inverse, when the solutions are related in a certain way. The dissertation defense consists of three parts. In the first part, the collection consists of measurements of temporal functions at various spatial locations. In particular, we studythe problem of estimating a three-dimensional function based on observations of its noisy Laplace convolution. In the second part, we recover classes of similar curves when the class memberships are unknown. Problems of this kind appear in many areas of application where clustering is carried out at the pre-processing step and then the inverse problem is solved for each of the cluster averages separately. As a result, the errors of the procedures are usually examined for the estimation step only. In both parts, we construct the estimators, study their minimax optimality and evaluate their performance via a limited simulation study. In the third part, we propose a new computational platform to better understand the patterns of R-fMRI by taking into account the challenge of inevitable signal fluctuations and interpretthe success of dynamic functional connectivity approaches. Towards this, we revisit an auto-regressive and vector auto-regressive signal modeling approach for estimating temporal changes of the signal in brain regions. We then generate inverse covariance matrices fromthe generated windows and use a non-parametric statistical approach to select significant features. Finally, we use Lasso to perform classification of the data. The effectiveness of theproposed method is evidenced in the classification of R-fMRI scans
Identifier: CFE0007710 (IID), ucf:52450 (fedora)
Note(s): 2019-08-01
Ph.D.
Sciences, Mathematics
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Functional Laplace deconvolution -- Minimax convergence rate -- Dynamic Contrast Enhanced imaging -- ill-posed linear inverse problem -- clustering -- oracle inequality
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0007710
Restrictions on Access: public 2019-08-15
Host Institution: UCF

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