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Development of a Single Sensor Approach for Capturing Three-Dimensional, Time Resolved Flame and Velocity Information

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Date Issued:
2019
Abstract/Description:
Performing non-intrusive measurements is the key to acquiring accurate information representative of what is being observed. The act of measuring often changes the environment being observed altering the information that is being obtained. Due to this, the community of fluid scientists have gravitated towards using laser-based measurements to observe the phenomena occurring in their experiments. The study of fluids has advanced since this point, utilizing techniques such as planar laser induced florescence (PLIF), particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser doppler velocimetry (LDV), particle doppler anemometry (PDA), etc. to acquire chemical species information and velocity information. These techniques, though, are inherently two-dimensional and cannot fully describe a flow field. In the area of reacting flow fields (combustion) acquiring the local fuel to air ratio information is increasingly important. Without it, scientist must rely on global one-dimensional metering techniques to correlate the fuel to air ratio of their flow field of interest. By knowing the fuel to air ratio locally and spatially across a flame, the location of products and reactants can be deduced, giving insight into any inefficiencies associated with a burner. Knowing the spatial fuel air field also gives insights into the density gradient associated with the flow field. Discussed in this work will be the development of a non-intrusive local fuel-air measurement technique and an expansion of the PIV technique into the third dimension, tomographic PIV, utilizing only one camera to do so for each measurement. The local fuel-air measurement is performed by recording two species (C2* and CH*) simultaneously and calibrating their ratio to the known fuel-air field. Tomographic PIV is performed by utilizing fiber coupling to acquire multiple viewpoints utilizing a single camera.
Title: Development of a Single Sensor Approach for Capturing Three-Dimensional, Time Resolved Flame and Velocity Information.
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Name(s): Reyes, Jonathan, Author
Ahmed, Kareem, Committee Chair
Kassab, Alain, Committee Member
Kapat, Jayanta, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2019
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Performing non-intrusive measurements is the key to acquiring accurate information representative of what is being observed. The act of measuring often changes the environment being observed altering the information that is being obtained. Due to this, the community of fluid scientists have gravitated towards using laser-based measurements to observe the phenomena occurring in their experiments. The study of fluids has advanced since this point, utilizing techniques such as planar laser induced florescence (PLIF), particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser doppler velocimetry (LDV), particle doppler anemometry (PDA), etc. to acquire chemical species information and velocity information. These techniques, though, are inherently two-dimensional and cannot fully describe a flow field. In the area of reacting flow fields (combustion) acquiring the local fuel to air ratio information is increasingly important. Without it, scientist must rely on global one-dimensional metering techniques to correlate the fuel to air ratio of their flow field of interest. By knowing the fuel to air ratio locally and spatially across a flame, the location of products and reactants can be deduced, giving insight into any inefficiencies associated with a burner. Knowing the spatial fuel air field also gives insights into the density gradient associated with the flow field. Discussed in this work will be the development of a non-intrusive local fuel-air measurement technique and an expansion of the PIV technique into the third dimension, tomographic PIV, utilizing only one camera to do so for each measurement. The local fuel-air measurement is performed by recording two species (C2* and CH*) simultaneously and calibrating their ratio to the known fuel-air field. Tomographic PIV is performed by utilizing fiber coupling to acquire multiple viewpoints utilizing a single camera.
Identifier: CFE0007523 (IID), ucf:52602 (fedora)
Note(s): 2019-05-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Particle Image Velocimetry -- Three-Dimensional -- Species Imaging -- Tomography -- Time Resolved
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0007523
Restrictions on Access: campus 2020-05-15
Host Institution: UCF

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