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Processing of Advanced Infrared Materials

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Date Issued:
2019
Abstract/Description:
Infrared transparent glassy and crystalline materials often have unique and complex processing requirements but are an important class of materials for such applications as optical windows, lenses, waveplates, polarizers and beam splitters. This thesis investigates two specific materials, one amorphous and one crystalline, that are candidates for use in the short and midwave-infrared and mid and longwave infrared, respectively. It is demonstrated that an innovative uniaxial sintering process, which uses a sacrificial pressure-transmitting medium, can be used to fully densify a 70TeO2-20WO3-10La2O3 (TWL) glass powder. The characteristics of the sintered TWL glass is compared to that of a parent glass produced through a conventional melt/quench process to ascertain the impact of process-specific property changes on the resulting material. Additionally, the design, construction and characterization of a custom-made transparent Bridgman crystal growth furnace is undertaken to enable growth of highly birefringent tellurium single crystal. The key obstacles that need to be overcome to scale up the size of the grown crystals are summarized with the end goal of producing commercial grade optical elements.
Title: Processing of Advanced Infrared Materials.
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Name(s): Mcgill, Daniel, Author
Richardson, Kathleen, Committee Chair
Gaume, Romain, Committee CoChair
Christodoulides, Demetrios, Committee Member
Rivero Baleine, Clara, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2019
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Infrared transparent glassy and crystalline materials often have unique and complex processing requirements but are an important class of materials for such applications as optical windows, lenses, waveplates, polarizers and beam splitters. This thesis investigates two specific materials, one amorphous and one crystalline, that are candidates for use in the short and midwave-infrared and mid and longwave infrared, respectively. It is demonstrated that an innovative uniaxial sintering process, which uses a sacrificial pressure-transmitting medium, can be used to fully densify a 70TeO2-20WO3-10La2O3 (TWL) glass powder. The characteristics of the sintered TWL glass is compared to that of a parent glass produced through a conventional melt/quench process to ascertain the impact of process-specific property changes on the resulting material. Additionally, the design, construction and characterization of a custom-made transparent Bridgman crystal growth furnace is undertaken to enable growth of highly birefringent tellurium single crystal. The key obstacles that need to be overcome to scale up the size of the grown crystals are summarized with the end goal of producing commercial grade optical elements.
Identifier: CFE0007894 (IID), ucf:52761 (fedora)
Note(s): 2019-05-01
M.S.
Optics and Photonics,
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): tellurite -- tellurium -- glass -- crystal -- infrared -- sintering -- Bridgman
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0007894
Restrictions on Access: public 2019-11-15
Host Institution: UCF

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