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Predictors of hospital quality and efficiency

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Date Issued:
2019
Abstract/Description:
American hospitals have made serious efforts to implement and expand their health information technology capabilities and to integrate different specialized care or high-tech services in order to maximize the efficiency and quality of care. In providing a variety of HIT-related services, these hospitals expanded their national reputation in line with integrated care goals. As a result, hospitals are encouraged to establish effective communication channels to facilitate patient-physician sharing of the patient care experience, to enhance effective pain management, and to transform patient-centered care modalities to solidify the adequacy of patient care processes. By analyzing national data sets publicly available, this investigation explored the relationship of acute-care hospitals' performance to the contextual, organizational and patient characteristics, using a cross-sectional study design. This study developed and evaluated the quality and efficiency of hospitals with respects to the structural complexity, process adequacy, efficiency, and quality of care. The structure-process-outcome theory in quality of care developed by Donabedian (1980), is adopted for this investigation. Statistical methods such as confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and covariance structure model are employed. The population surveyed by the American Hospital Association (AHA) are acute care hospitals throughout the United States, including more than 3000 acute care hospitals of all types of ownership. The data provided by HIMSS Analytics and AHA are available for 2015 and the data provided CMS quality indicators are available for 2016. The key finding of this research is that process adequacy mediates the relationship between hospital structure and performance variables. The efficiency variable played an important role in shaping quality. The location and hospital teaching status have a moderate impact in determining hospital performance by affecting the structure and process of hospitals.
Title: Predictors of hospital quality and efficiency.
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Name(s): Fotovvat, Hoda, Author
Wan, Thomas, Committee Chair
Liu, Albert Xinliang, Committee Member
Ramirez, Bernardo, Committee Member
Yu, Chia-Yuan, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2019
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: American hospitals have made serious efforts to implement and expand their health information technology capabilities and to integrate different specialized care or high-tech services in order to maximize the efficiency and quality of care. In providing a variety of HIT-related services, these hospitals expanded their national reputation in line with integrated care goals. As a result, hospitals are encouraged to establish effective communication channels to facilitate patient-physician sharing of the patient care experience, to enhance effective pain management, and to transform patient-centered care modalities to solidify the adequacy of patient care processes. By analyzing national data sets publicly available, this investigation explored the relationship of acute-care hospitals' performance to the contextual, organizational and patient characteristics, using a cross-sectional study design. This study developed and evaluated the quality and efficiency of hospitals with respects to the structural complexity, process adequacy, efficiency, and quality of care. The structure-process-outcome theory in quality of care developed by Donabedian (1980), is adopted for this investigation. Statistical methods such as confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and covariance structure model are employed. The population surveyed by the American Hospital Association (AHA) are acute care hospitals throughout the United States, including more than 3000 acute care hospitals of all types of ownership. The data provided by HIMSS Analytics and AHA are available for 2015 and the data provided CMS quality indicators are available for 2016. The key finding of this research is that process adequacy mediates the relationship between hospital structure and performance variables. The efficiency variable played an important role in shaping quality. The location and hospital teaching status have a moderate impact in determining hospital performance by affecting the structure and process of hospitals.
Identifier: CFE0007888 (IID), ucf:52796 (fedora)
Note(s): 2019-05-01
Ph.D.
Community Innovation and Education,
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Hospital quality -- hospital efficiency -- structural equation modeling -- structural complexity -- process adequacy
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0007888
Restrictions on Access: public 2019-11-15
Host Institution: UCF

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