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ULTRAWIDEBAND INDOOR LOCATION AND TRACKING SYSTEM

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Date Issued:
2006
Abstract/Description:
The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate an indoor intruder location and tracking system with UltraWideBand (UWB) technology and use data compression and Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) techniques to improve the performance of the location system. Reliable and accurate indoor positioning requires a local replacement for GPS systems since satellite signals are not available indoors. UWB systems are particularly suitable for indoor location systems due their inherent capabilities such as low-power, multi-path rejection, and wide bandwidth. In our application, we are using UWB radios as a radar system for tracking targets in indoor locations. We also use Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) to compress the UWB scan waveforms from the receivers to the main computer to conserve bandwidth. At the main computer, we use Inverse DCT to recover the original signal. The UWB intruder detection system has the indoor tracking accuracy of four inches. There are many military and commercial applications such as tracking firefighters and locating trapped people in earthquake zones, and so on. This thesis demonstrates the capability of a UWB radar system to locate and track an intruder to an accuracy of four inches in an indoor cluttered environment.
Title: ULTRAWIDEBAND INDOOR LOCATION AND TRACKING SYSTEM.
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Name(s): Chen, Qing, Author
Turgut, Damla, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate an indoor intruder location and tracking system with UltraWideBand (UWB) technology and use data compression and Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) techniques to improve the performance of the location system. Reliable and accurate indoor positioning requires a local replacement for GPS systems since satellite signals are not available indoors. UWB systems are particularly suitable for indoor location systems due their inherent capabilities such as low-power, multi-path rejection, and wide bandwidth. In our application, we are using UWB radios as a radar system for tracking targets in indoor locations. We also use Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) to compress the UWB scan waveforms from the receivers to the main computer to conserve bandwidth. At the main computer, we use Inverse DCT to recover the original signal. The UWB intruder detection system has the indoor tracking accuracy of four inches. There are many military and commercial applications such as tracking firefighters and locating trapped people in earthquake zones, and so on. This thesis demonstrates the capability of a UWB radar system to locate and track an intruder to an accuracy of four inches in an indoor cluttered environment.
Identifier: CFE0001233 (IID), ucf:46924 (fedora)
Note(s): 2006-08-01
M.S.Cp.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): ultrawideband
tracking system
indoor
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0001233
Restrictions on Access: campus 2007-01-31
Host Institution: UCF

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