You are here
THE PDF OF IRRADIANCE FOR A FREESPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS CHANNEL: A PHYSICS BASED MODEL
 Date Issued:
 2010
 Abstract/Description:
 An accurate PDF of irradiance for a FSO channel is important when designing a laser radar, active laser imaging, or a communications system to operate over the channel. Parameters such as detector threshold level, probability of detection, mean fade time, number of fades, BER, and SNR are derived from the PDF and determine the design constraints of the receiver, transmitter, and corresponding electronics. Current PDF models of irradiance, such as the GammaGamma, do not fully capture the effect of aperture averaging; a reduction in scintillation as the diameter of the collecting optic is increased. The GammaGamma PDF of irradiance is an attractive solution because the parameters of the distribution are derived strictly from atmospheric turbulence parameters; propagation path length, Cn2, l0, and L0. This dissertation describes a heuristic physicsbased modeling technique to develop a new PDF of irradiance based upon the optical field. The goal of the new PDF is threefold: capture the physics of the turbulent atmosphere, better describe aperture averaging effects, and relate parameters of the new model to measurable atmospheric parameters. The modeling decomposes the propagating electromagnetic field into a sum of independent randomamplitude spatial plane waves using an approximation to the KarhunenLoeve expansion. The scattering effects of the turbulence along the propagation path define the randomamplitude of each component of the expansion. The resulting PDF of irradiance is a double finite sum containing a Bessel function. The newly developed PDF is a generalization of the GammaGamma PDF, and reduces to such in the limit. An experiment was setup and performed to measure the PDF of irradiance for several receiver aperture sizes under moderate to strong turbulence conditions. The propagation path was instrumented with scintillometers and anemometers to characterize the turbulence conditions. The newly developed PDF model and the GG model were compared to histograms of the experimental data. The new PDF model was typically able to match the data as well or better than the GG model under conditions of moderate aperture averaging. The GG model fit the data better than the new PDF under conditions of significant aperture averaging. Due to a limiting scintillation index value of 3, the new PDF was not compared to the GG for point apertures under strong turbulence; a regime where the GG is known to fit data well.
Title:  THE PDF OF IRRADIANCE FOR A FREESPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS CHANNEL: A PHYSICS BASED MODEL. 
34 views
12 downloads 

Name(s): 
Wayne, David, Author Phillips, Ronald, Committee Chair University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor 

Type of Resource:  text  
Date Issued:  2010  
Publisher:  University of Central Florida  
Language(s):  English  
Abstract/Description:  An accurate PDF of irradiance for a FSO channel is important when designing a laser radar, active laser imaging, or a communications system to operate over the channel. Parameters such as detector threshold level, probability of detection, mean fade time, number of fades, BER, and SNR are derived from the PDF and determine the design constraints of the receiver, transmitter, and corresponding electronics. Current PDF models of irradiance, such as the GammaGamma, do not fully capture the effect of aperture averaging; a reduction in scintillation as the diameter of the collecting optic is increased. The GammaGamma PDF of irradiance is an attractive solution because the parameters of the distribution are derived strictly from atmospheric turbulence parameters; propagation path length, Cn2, l0, and L0. This dissertation describes a heuristic physicsbased modeling technique to develop a new PDF of irradiance based upon the optical field. The goal of the new PDF is threefold: capture the physics of the turbulent atmosphere, better describe aperture averaging effects, and relate parameters of the new model to measurable atmospheric parameters. The modeling decomposes the propagating electromagnetic field into a sum of independent randomamplitude spatial plane waves using an approximation to the KarhunenLoeve expansion. The scattering effects of the turbulence along the propagation path define the randomamplitude of each component of the expansion. The resulting PDF of irradiance is a double finite sum containing a Bessel function. The newly developed PDF is a generalization of the GammaGamma PDF, and reduces to such in the limit. An experiment was setup and performed to measure the PDF of irradiance for several receiver aperture sizes under moderate to strong turbulence conditions. The propagation path was instrumented with scintillometers and anemometers to characterize the turbulence conditions. The newly developed PDF model and the GG model were compared to histograms of the experimental data. The new PDF model was typically able to match the data as well or better than the GG model under conditions of moderate aperture averaging. The GG model fit the data better than the new PDF under conditions of significant aperture averaging. Due to a limiting scintillation index value of 3, the new PDF was not compared to the GG for point apertures under strong turbulence; a regime where the GG is known to fit data well.  
Identifier:  CFE0003209 (IID), ucf:48576 (fedora)  
Note(s): 
20100801 Ph.D. Engineering and Computer Science, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Masters This record was generated from author submitted information. 

Subject(s): 
aperture averaging scintillation free space optics optical communications probability density speckle irradiance fluctuations KarhunenLoeve 

Persistent Link to This Record:  http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0003209  
Restrictions on Access:  public  
Host Institution:  UCF 