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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ETHANOL AND METHANOL ELECTRO-OXIDATION ON A PLATINUM/CERIA COMPOSITE ELECTRODE IN ALKALINE AND ACID SOLUTIONS: ELECTRO-CATALYTIC PERFORMANCE AND REACTION KINETICS

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Date Issued:
2011
Abstract/Description:
A comparative study of the electro-oxidation of ethanol and methanol was carried out on a Pt/ceria composite electrode prepared by electro-deposition. Modification of the Pt electrode was realized by co-deposition from a 1.0 mM K2PtCl6 solution that also contained a 20 mM suspension of ceria. The electro-catalytic activities and stabilities of the Pt/ceria catalyst towards ethanol electro-oxidation reactions (EOR) and methanol electro-oxidation reactions (MOR) were investigated by potentiodynamic and potentiostatic methods in 0.5 M sulfuric acid and 1.0 M sodium hydroxide solutions at various concentrations of ethanol and methanol. The kinetics of ethanol and methanol on a Pt/ceria composite electrode were measured in 0.5 M sulfuric acid and 1.0 M sodium hydroxide solutions using a rotating disk electrode (RDE). Cyclic voltammetry was employed in temperatures ranging from 15 to 55°C to provide quantitative and qualitative information on the kinetics of alcohol oxidation. The temperature dependence of the electro-catalytic activities afforded the determination of apparent activation energies for ethanol and methanol oxidation.
Title: COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ETHANOL AND METHANOL ELECTRO-OXIDATION ON A PLATINUM/CERIA COMPOSITE ELECTRODE IN ALKALINE AND ACID SOLUTIONS: ELECTRO-CATALYTIC PERFORMANCE AND REACTION KINETICS.
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Name(s): Hidalgo, Carlos, Author
Diaz, Diego, Committee Chair
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2011
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: A comparative study of the electro-oxidation of ethanol and methanol was carried out on a Pt/ceria composite electrode prepared by electro-deposition. Modification of the Pt electrode was realized by co-deposition from a 1.0 mM K2PtCl6 solution that also contained a 20 mM suspension of ceria. The electro-catalytic activities and stabilities of the Pt/ceria catalyst towards ethanol electro-oxidation reactions (EOR) and methanol electro-oxidation reactions (MOR) were investigated by potentiodynamic and potentiostatic methods in 0.5 M sulfuric acid and 1.0 M sodium hydroxide solutions at various concentrations of ethanol and methanol. The kinetics of ethanol and methanol on a Pt/ceria composite electrode were measured in 0.5 M sulfuric acid and 1.0 M sodium hydroxide solutions using a rotating disk electrode (RDE). Cyclic voltammetry was employed in temperatures ranging from 15 to 55°C to provide quantitative and qualitative information on the kinetics of alcohol oxidation. The temperature dependence of the electro-catalytic activities afforded the determination of apparent activation energies for ethanol and methanol oxidation.
Identifier: CFE0003628 (IID), ucf:48853 (fedora)
Note(s): 2011-05-01
M.S.
Sciences, Department of Chemistry
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): ethanol
electro-oxidation
catalyst
ceria
kinetics
acid
alkaline
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0003628
Restrictions on Access: public 2011-04-01
Host Institution: UCF

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