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CFD Analysis of a Uni-directional Impulse Turbine for Wave Energy Conversion

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Date Issued:
2011
Abstract/Description:
Ocean energy research has grown in popularity in the past decade and has producedvarious designs for wave energy extraction. This thesis focuses on the performance analysis of auni-directional impulse turbine for wave energy conversion. Uni-directional impulse turbines canproduce uni-directional rotation in bi-directional flow, which makes it ideal for wave energyextraction as the motion of ocean waves are inherently bi-directional. This impulse turbine iscurrently in use in four of the world's Oscillating Wave Columns (OWC). Current research todate has documented the performance of the turbine but little research has been completed tounderstand the flow physics in the turbine channel. An analytical model and computational fluiddynamic simulations are used with reference to experimental results found in the literature todevelop accurate models of the turbine performance. To carry out the numerical computationsvarious turbulence models are employed and compared. The comparisons indicate that a lowReynolds number Yang-shih K-Epsilon turbulence model is the most computationally efficientwhile providing accurate results. Additionally, analyses of the losses in the turbine are isolatedand documented.Results indicate that large separation regions occur on the turbine blades whichdrastically affect the torque created by the turbine, the location of flow separation is documentedand compared among various flow regimes. The model and simulations show good agreementwith the experimental results and the two proposed solutions enhance the performance of theturbine showing an approximate 10% increase in efficiency based on simulation results.
Title: CFD Analysis of a Uni-directional Impulse Turbine for Wave Energy Conversion.
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Name(s): Velez, Carlos, Author
Ilie, Marcel, Committee Chair
Lin, Kuo-Chi, Committee Member
Qu, Zhihua, Committee Member
, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2011
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Ocean energy research has grown in popularity in the past decade and has producedvarious designs for wave energy extraction. This thesis focuses on the performance analysis of auni-directional impulse turbine for wave energy conversion. Uni-directional impulse turbines canproduce uni-directional rotation in bi-directional flow, which makes it ideal for wave energyextraction as the motion of ocean waves are inherently bi-directional. This impulse turbine iscurrently in use in four of the world's Oscillating Wave Columns (OWC). Current research todate has documented the performance of the turbine but little research has been completed tounderstand the flow physics in the turbine channel. An analytical model and computational fluiddynamic simulations are used with reference to experimental results found in the literature todevelop accurate models of the turbine performance. To carry out the numerical computationsvarious turbulence models are employed and compared. The comparisons indicate that a lowReynolds number Yang-shih K-Epsilon turbulence model is the most computationally efficientwhile providing accurate results. Additionally, analyses of the losses in the turbine are isolatedand documented.Results indicate that large separation regions occur on the turbine blades whichdrastically affect the torque created by the turbine, the location of flow separation is documentedand compared among various flow regimes. The model and simulations show good agreementwith the experimental results and the two proposed solutions enhance the performance of theturbine showing an approximate 10% increase in efficiency based on simulation results.
Identifier: CFE0004173 (IID), ucf:49049 (fedora)
Note(s): 2011-12-01
M.S.A.E.
Engineering and Computer Science, Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering
Masters
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): CFD -- Ocean Energy -- Uni-directional Impulse Turbine
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0004173
Restrictions on Access: campus 2016-12-15
Host Institution: UCF

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