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Optimization Approaches for Electricity Generation Expansion Planning Under Uncertainty

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Date Issued:
2016
Abstract/Description:
In this dissertation, we study the long-term electricity infrastructure investment planning problems in the electrical power system. These long-term capacity expansion planning problems aim at making the most effective and efficient investment decisions on both thermal and wind power generation units. One of our research focuses are uncertainty modeling in these long-term decision-making problems in power systems, because power systems' infrastructures require a large amount of investments, and need to stay in operation for a long time and accommodate many different scenarios in the future. The uncertainties we are addressing in this dissertation mainly include demands, electricity prices, investment and maintenance costs of power generation units. To address these future uncertainties in the decision-making process, this dissertation adopts two different optimization approaches: decision-dependent stochastic programming and adaptive robust optimization. In the decision-dependent stochastic programming approach, we consider the electricity prices and generation units' investment and maintenance costs being endogenous uncertainties, and then design probability distribution functions of decision variables and input parameters based on well-established econometric theories, such as the discrete-choice theory and the economy-of-scale mechanism. In the adaptive robust optimization approach, we focus on finding the multistage adaptive robust solutions using affine policies while considering uncertain intervals of future demands.This dissertation mainly includes three research projects. The study of each project consists of two main parts, the formulation of its mathematical model and the development of solution algorithms for the model. This first problem concerns a large-scale investment problem on both thermal and wind power generation from an integrated angle without modeling all operational details. In this problem, we take a multistage decision-dependent stochastic programming approach while assuming uncertain electricity prices. We use a quasi-exact solution approach to solve this multistage stochastic nonlinear program. Numerical results show both computational efficient of the solutions approach and benefits of using our decision-dependent model over traditional stochastic programming models. The second problem concerns the long-term investment planning with detailed models of real-time operations. We also take a multistage decision-dependent stochastic programming approach to address endogenous uncertainties such as generation units' investment and maintenance costs. However, the detailed modeling of operations makes the problem a bilevel optimization problem. We then transform it to a Mathematic Program with Equilibrium Constraints (MPEC) problem. We design an efficient algorithm based on Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition to solve this multistage stochastic MPEC problem. The last problem concerns a multistage adaptive investment planning problem while considering uncertain future demand at various locations. To solve this multi-level optimization problem, we take advantage of affine policies to transform it to a single-level optimization problem. Our numerical examples show the benefits of using this multistage adaptive robust planning model over both traditional stochastic programming and single-level robust optimization approaches. Based on numerical studies in the three projects, we conclude that our approaches provide effective and efficient modeling and computational tools for advanced power systems' expansion planning.
Title: Optimization Approaches for Electricity Generation Expansion Planning Under Uncertainty.
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Name(s): Zhan, Yiduo, Author
Zheng, Qipeng, Committee Chair
Vela, Adan, Committee Member
Garibay, Ivan, Committee Member
Sun, Wei, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In this dissertation, we study the long-term electricity infrastructure investment planning problems in the electrical power system. These long-term capacity expansion planning problems aim at making the most effective and efficient investment decisions on both thermal and wind power generation units. One of our research focuses are uncertainty modeling in these long-term decision-making problems in power systems, because power systems' infrastructures require a large amount of investments, and need to stay in operation for a long time and accommodate many different scenarios in the future. The uncertainties we are addressing in this dissertation mainly include demands, electricity prices, investment and maintenance costs of power generation units. To address these future uncertainties in the decision-making process, this dissertation adopts two different optimization approaches: decision-dependent stochastic programming and adaptive robust optimization. In the decision-dependent stochastic programming approach, we consider the electricity prices and generation units' investment and maintenance costs being endogenous uncertainties, and then design probability distribution functions of decision variables and input parameters based on well-established econometric theories, such as the discrete-choice theory and the economy-of-scale mechanism. In the adaptive robust optimization approach, we focus on finding the multistage adaptive robust solutions using affine policies while considering uncertain intervals of future demands.This dissertation mainly includes three research projects. The study of each project consists of two main parts, the formulation of its mathematical model and the development of solution algorithms for the model. This first problem concerns a large-scale investment problem on both thermal and wind power generation from an integrated angle without modeling all operational details. In this problem, we take a multistage decision-dependent stochastic programming approach while assuming uncertain electricity prices. We use a quasi-exact solution approach to solve this multistage stochastic nonlinear program. Numerical results show both computational efficient of the solutions approach and benefits of using our decision-dependent model over traditional stochastic programming models. The second problem concerns the long-term investment planning with detailed models of real-time operations. We also take a multistage decision-dependent stochastic programming approach to address endogenous uncertainties such as generation units' investment and maintenance costs. However, the detailed modeling of operations makes the problem a bilevel optimization problem. We then transform it to a Mathematic Program with Equilibrium Constraints (MPEC) problem. We design an efficient algorithm based on Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition to solve this multistage stochastic MPEC problem. The last problem concerns a multistage adaptive investment planning problem while considering uncertain future demand at various locations. To solve this multi-level optimization problem, we take advantage of affine policies to transform it to a single-level optimization problem. Our numerical examples show the benefits of using this multistage adaptive robust planning model over both traditional stochastic programming and single-level robust optimization approaches. Based on numerical studies in the three projects, we conclude that our approaches provide effective and efficient modeling and computational tools for advanced power systems' expansion planning.
Identifier: CFE0006676 (IID), ucf:51248 (fedora)
Note(s): 2017-05-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): Optimization -- Electricity Generation -- Stochastic -- Robust
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006676
Restrictions on Access: campus 2018-05-15
Host Institution: UCF

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