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Method for Real-Time Signal Selection for Passive Coherent Location Systems

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Date Issued:
2017
Abstract/Description:
Passive coherent location (PCL) systems use signals of opportunity to perform traditional radar detection, targeting, and tracking functions. Traditionally these signals include FM radio, digital TV, GSM, and GPS because of their availability in most urban environments. A benefit of having an abundance of signals is the ability to choose which of those best meet the desired system intentions. For example, one may want to choose a digital TV signal over an FM radio signal due to its range resolution characteristics. This work presents a novel algorithm for characterizing commercial signals for use in a PCL system. By analyzing each signal's ambiguity function in terms of amplitude, transmitter geometry, range and Doppler resolution, and sidelobe levels, a comparative evaluation can be made to decide which signals are best suited for an intended radar function. In addition, this research shows that multiple signals can be combined in the detection process to increase the probability of detection over that of a single signal. Finally, this research investigates the geometric considerations for PCL systems in terms of bistatic radar geometry. The results show zones of linear and non-linear relationships between time delay, range, and Doppler frequency.
Title: Method for Real-Time Signal Selection for Passive Coherent Location Systems.
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Name(s): Johnson, Nicholas, Author
Jones, W Linwood, Committee Chair
Gong, Xun, Committee Member
Mikhael, Wasfy, Committee Member
Rockway, John, Committee Member
Lichtenberg, Christopher, Committee Member
University of Central Florida, Degree Grantor
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: University of Central Florida
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Passive coherent location (PCL) systems use signals of opportunity to perform traditional radar detection, targeting, and tracking functions. Traditionally these signals include FM radio, digital TV, GSM, and GPS because of their availability in most urban environments. A benefit of having an abundance of signals is the ability to choose which of those best meet the desired system intentions. For example, one may want to choose a digital TV signal over an FM radio signal due to its range resolution characteristics. This work presents a novel algorithm for characterizing commercial signals for use in a PCL system. By analyzing each signal's ambiguity function in terms of amplitude, transmitter geometry, range and Doppler resolution, and sidelobe levels, a comparative evaluation can be made to decide which signals are best suited for an intended radar function. In addition, this research shows that multiple signals can be combined in the detection process to increase the probability of detection over that of a single signal. Finally, this research investigates the geometric considerations for PCL systems in terms of bistatic radar geometry. The results show zones of linear and non-linear relationships between time delay, range, and Doppler frequency.
Identifier: CFE0007123 (IID), ucf:51964 (fedora)
Note(s): 2017-08-01
Ph.D.
Engineering and Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering
Doctoral
This record was generated from author submitted information.
Subject(s): passive radar -- passive coherent location -- radar signal processing
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0007123
Restrictions on Access: public 2018-02-15
Host Institution: UCF

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