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 Title
 MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF MOSQUITO POPULATIONS.
 Creator

Reed, Hanna, Shuai, Zhisheng, University of Central Florida
 Abstract / Description

The intent of this thesis is to develop ordinary differential equation models to better understand the mosquito population. We first develop a framework model, where we determine the condition under which a natural mosquito population can persist in the environment. Wolbachia is a bacterium which limits the replication of viruses inside the mosquito which it infects. As a result, infecting a mosquito population with Wolbachia can decrease the transmission of viral mosquitoborne diseases,...
Show moreThe intent of this thesis is to develop ordinary differential equation models to better understand the mosquito population. We first develop a framework model, where we determine the condition under which a natural mosquito population can persist in the environment. Wolbachia is a bacterium which limits the replication of viruses inside the mosquito which it infects. As a result, infecting a mosquito population with Wolbachia can decrease the transmission of viral mosquitoborne diseases, such as dengue. We develop another ODE model to investigate the invasion of Wolbachia in a mosquito population. In a biologically feasible situation, we determine three coexisting equilibria: a stable Wolbachiafree equilibrium, an unstable coexistence equilibrium, and a complete invasion equilibrium. We establish the conditions under which a population of Wolbachia infected mosquitoes may persist in the environment via the next generation number and determine when a natural mosquito population may experience a complete invasion of Wolbachia.
Show less  Date Issued
 2018
 Identifier
 CFH2000299, ucf:45845
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFH2000299
 Title
 A mathematical model for feral cat ecology with application to disease.
 Creator

Sharpe, Jeff, Nevai, A, Shuai, Zhisheng, Qi, Yuanwei, QuintanaAscencio, Pedro, University of Central Florida
 Abstract / Description

We formulate and analyze a mathematical model for feral cats living in an isolated colony. The model contains compartments for kittens, adult females and adult males. Kittens are born at a rate proportional to the population of adult females and mature at equal rates into adult females and adult males. Adults compete with each other in a manner analogous to LotkaVolterra competition. This competition comes in four forms, classified by gender. Native house cats, and their effects are also...
Show moreWe formulate and analyze a mathematical model for feral cats living in an isolated colony. The model contains compartments for kittens, adult females and adult males. Kittens are born at a rate proportional to the population of adult females and mature at equal rates into adult females and adult males. Adults compete with each other in a manner analogous to LotkaVolterra competition. This competition comes in four forms, classified by gender. Native house cats, and their effects are also considered, including additional competition and abandonment into the feral population. Control measures are also modeled in the form of percapita removal rates. We compute the net reproduction number (R_0) for the colony and consider its influence. In the absence of abandonment, if R_0(>)1, the population always persists at a positive equilibrium and if R_0 (<)= 1, the population always tends toward local extinction. This work will be referred to as the core model.The model is then expanded to include a set of colonies (patches) such as those in the core model (this time neglecting the effect of abandonment). Adult females and kittens remain in their native patch while adult males spend a fixed proportion of their time in each patch. Adult females experience competition from both the adult females living in the same patch as well as the visiting adult males. The proportion of adult males in patch j suffer competition from both adult females resident to that patch as well the proportion of adult males also in the patch. We formulate a net reproduction number for each patch (a patch reproduction number) R_j. If R_j(>)1 for at least one patch, then the collective population always persists at some nontrivial (but possibly semitrivial) steady state. We consider the number of possible steady states and their properties. This work will be referred to as the patch model.Finally, the core model is expanded to include the introduction of the feline leukemia virus. Since this disease has many modes of transmission, each of which depends on the host's gender and lifestage, we regard this as a model disease. A basic reproduction number R_0 for the disease is defined and analyzed. Vaccination terms are included and their role in disease propagation is analyzed. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given under which the diseasefree equilibrium is stable.
Show less  Date Issued
 2016
 Identifier
 CFE0006502, ucf:51389
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0006502