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 Title
 THE PDF OF IRRADIANCE FOR A FREESPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS CHANNEL: A PHYSICS BASED MODEL.
 Creator

Wayne, David, Phillips, Ronald, University of Central Florida
 Abstract / Description

An accurate PDF of irradiance for a FSO channel is important when designing a laser radar, active laser imaging, or a communications system to operate over the channel. Parameters such as detector threshold level, probability of detection, mean fade time, number of fades, BER, and SNR are derived from the PDF and determine the design constraints of the receiver, transmitter, and corresponding electronics. Current PDF models of irradiance, such as the GammaGamma, do not fully capture the...
Show moreAn accurate PDF of irradiance for a FSO channel is important when designing a laser radar, active laser imaging, or a communications system to operate over the channel. Parameters such as detector threshold level, probability of detection, mean fade time, number of fades, BER, and SNR are derived from the PDF and determine the design constraints of the receiver, transmitter, and corresponding electronics. Current PDF models of irradiance, such as the GammaGamma, do not fully capture the effect of aperture averaging; a reduction in scintillation as the diameter of the collecting optic is increased. The GammaGamma PDF of irradiance is an attractive solution because the parameters of the distribution are derived strictly from atmospheric turbulence parameters; propagation path length, Cn2, l0, and L0. This dissertation describes a heuristic physicsbased modeling technique to develop a new PDF of irradiance based upon the optical field. The goal of the new PDF is threefold: capture the physics of the turbulent atmosphere, better describe aperture averaging effects, and relate parameters of the new model to measurable atmospheric parameters. The modeling decomposes the propagating electromagnetic field into a sum of independent randomamplitude spatial plane waves using an approximation to the KarhunenLoeve expansion. The scattering effects of the turbulence along the propagation path define the randomamplitude of each component of the expansion. The resulting PDF of irradiance is a double finite sum containing a Bessel function. The newly developed PDF is a generalization of the GammaGamma PDF, and reduces to such in the limit. An experiment was setup and performed to measure the PDF of irradiance for several receiver aperture sizes under moderate to strong turbulence conditions. The propagation path was instrumented with scintillometers and anemometers to characterize the turbulence conditions. The newly developed PDF model and the GG model were compared to histograms of the experimental data. The new PDF model was typically able to match the data as well or better than the GG model under conditions of moderate aperture averaging. The GG model fit the data better than the new PDF under conditions of significant aperture averaging. Due to a limiting scintillation index value of 3, the new PDF was not compared to the GG for point apertures under strong turbulence; a regime where the GG is known to fit data well.
Show less  Date Issued
 2010
 Identifier
 CFE0003209, ucf:48576
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0003209
 Title
 ANALYSIS OF TIME SYNCHRONIZATION ERRORS IN HIGH DATA RATE ULTRAWIDEBAND ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING DATA LINKS.
 Creator

Bates, Lakesha, Jones, W. Linwood, University of Central Florida
 Abstract / Description

Emerging Ultra Wideband (UWB) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems hold the promise of delivering wireless data at high speeds, exceeding hundreds of megabits per second over typical distances of 10 meters or less. The purpose of this Thesis is to estimate the timing accuracies required with such systems in order to achieve Bit Error Rates (BER) of the order of magnitude of 1012 and thereby avoid overloading the correction of irreducible errors due to misaligned timing...
Show moreEmerging Ultra Wideband (UWB) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems hold the promise of delivering wireless data at high speeds, exceeding hundreds of megabits per second over typical distances of 10 meters or less. The purpose of this Thesis is to estimate the timing accuracies required with such systems in order to achieve Bit Error Rates (BER) of the order of magnitude of 1012 and thereby avoid overloading the correction of irreducible errors due to misaligned timing errors to a small absolute number of bits in error in realtime relative to a data rate of hundreds of megabits per second. Our research approach involves managing bit error rates through identifying maximum timing synchronization errors. Thus, it became our research goal to determine the timing accuracies required to avoid operation of communication systems within the asymptotic region of BER flaring at low BERs in the resultant BER curves. We propose pushing physical layer bit error rates to below 1012 before using forward error correction (FEC) codes. This way, the maximum reserve is maintained for the FEC hardware to correct for burst as well as recurring bit errors due to corrupt bits caused by other than timing synchronization errors.
Show less  Date Issued
 2004
 Identifier
 CFE0000197, ucf:46173
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/ucf/fd/CFE0000197